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History of Transracial Adoption: A New Zealand Perspective

History of Transracial Adoption: A New Zealand Perspective History of Transracial Adoption A New Zealand Perspective erica newman This article explores the New Zealand legal history of adoption and the effect it has had on Mori. The status of children within Mori and European societies before and during the early contact periods differed, and it is from here that I begin this article. These two societies had their own terms in relation to the care of children by those who were not the biological parents. Europeans use the term "adopt," while Mori use the term whngai. Although these terms relate to the care of children by those who are not the biological parents, they possess different ideals. Due to these differences, European society was faced with challenges when informally adopting a child. These challenges led to the establishment of the 1881 Adoption of Children Act. While this act initially had no effect on the practice of whngai, by 1901 the Native Land Act required whngai to be registered and then recorded in the New Zealand Gazette.1 Over time a number of changes made to adoption laws that affected Mori were based on the issue of who had rights to land succession. In 1910, to the further http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The American Indian Quarterly University of Nebraska Press

History of Transracial Adoption: A New Zealand Perspective

The American Indian Quarterly , Volume 37 (1) – Jun 2, 2013

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Publisher
University of Nebraska Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 The University of Nebraska Press.
ISSN
1534-1828
Publisher site
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Abstract

History of Transracial Adoption A New Zealand Perspective erica newman This article explores the New Zealand legal history of adoption and the effect it has had on Mori. The status of children within Mori and European societies before and during the early contact periods differed, and it is from here that I begin this article. These two societies had their own terms in relation to the care of children by those who were not the biological parents. Europeans use the term "adopt," while Mori use the term whngai. Although these terms relate to the care of children by those who are not the biological parents, they possess different ideals. Due to these differences, European society was faced with challenges when informally adopting a child. These challenges led to the establishment of the 1881 Adoption of Children Act. While this act initially had no effect on the practice of whngai, by 1901 the Native Land Act required whngai to be registered and then recorded in the New Zealand Gazette.1 Over time a number of changes made to adoption laws that affected Mori were based on the issue of who had rights to land succession. In 1910, to the further

Journal

The American Indian QuarterlyUniversity of Nebraska Press

Published: Jun 2, 2013

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