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The History of Proto-Oceanic *ma-

The History of Proto-Oceanic *ma- The History of Proto-Oceanic *maBethwyn Evans and Malcolm Ross1 We examine the history of the Proto-Oceanic (POc) stative verb derivative *ma-, whose distribution in POc reconstructions raises certain problems, as POc lexical reconstructions with *ma- can be placed in four groups: (a) valency-decreasing *ma-; (b) fossilized re³exes of *ma- on stative verbs; (c) stative (adjectival) verbs that can be reconstructed in POc both with and without *ma-, with no obvious difference in meaning between the forms with and without the pre²x; and (d) fossilized re³exes of *ma- on experiential verbs. Examination of the uses of non-Oceanic cognates of POc *ma- suggests that *ma- already had three distinct functions in Proto­Malayo-Polynesian, one ancestral to (a) above, the second ancestral to (b) and (c), and a third (minor) use ancestral to (d). In function (a), *ma- remained somewhat productive in POc. In the other two functions, it had ceased to be productive. We pay attention especially to (b) and (c) in order to better understand the origin of the untidy distribution of *ma- on stative (adjectival) verbs. 1. INTRODUCTION. Two pre²xes, *ma- and *ta-, have been reconstructed as stative verb derivatives in Proto-Oceanic (POc), with *ta- also indicating the notion http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Oceanic Linguistics University of Hawai'I Press

The History of Proto-Oceanic *ma-

Oceanic Linguistics , Volume 40 (2) – Jan 12, 2001

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University of Hawai'I Press
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Copyright © 2001 University of Hawai'i Press.
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1527-9421
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Abstract

The History of Proto-Oceanic *maBethwyn Evans and Malcolm Ross1 We examine the history of the Proto-Oceanic (POc) stative verb derivative *ma-, whose distribution in POc reconstructions raises certain problems, as POc lexical reconstructions with *ma- can be placed in four groups: (a) valency-decreasing *ma-; (b) fossilized re³exes of *ma- on stative verbs; (c) stative (adjectival) verbs that can be reconstructed in POc both with and without *ma-, with no obvious difference in meaning between the forms with and without the pre²x; and (d) fossilized re³exes of *ma- on experiential verbs. Examination of the uses of non-Oceanic cognates of POc *ma- suggests that *ma- already had three distinct functions in Proto­Malayo-Polynesian, one ancestral to (a) above, the second ancestral to (b) and (c), and a third (minor) use ancestral to (d). In function (a), *ma- remained somewhat productive in POc. In the other two functions, it had ceased to be productive. We pay attention especially to (b) and (c) in order to better understand the origin of the untidy distribution of *ma- on stative (adjectival) verbs. 1. INTRODUCTION. Two pre²xes, *ma- and *ta-, have been reconstructed as stative verb derivatives in Proto-Oceanic (POc), with *ta- also indicating the notion

Journal

Oceanic LinguisticsUniversity of Hawai'I Press

Published: Jan 12, 2001

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