Voriconazole Antifungal Prophylaxis in Children With Malignancies: A Nationwide Study

Voriconazole Antifungal Prophylaxis in Children With Malignancies: A Nationwide Study Background:Antifungal prophylaxis (AFP) is recommended in at-risk hematology-oncology patients. We evaluated the safety of AFP with voriconazole (VRC) in pediatric hematology/oncology patients.Materials and Methods:A retrospective study of VRC AFP in children with malignancies hospitalized in all 7 Greek pediatric hematology/oncology centers during 2008 to 2012 was conducted. Patients’ demographics, outcome, and adverse event (AE) data were recorded.Results:Four hundred twenty-nine VRC AFP courses in 249 patients (median age 6 y, 55% boys) were studied. The most common underlying diseases were acute lymphoblastic leukemia (51%), non Hodgkin lymphoma (8.6%), and acute myeloid leukemia (7.7%). The median number of VRC courses per patient was 1.7, whereas the median VRC dose was 7 mg/kg (range, 5 to 7 mg/kg) every 12 hours. During the last 2 weeks before AFP, 51% of the patients had received corticosteroids, 43% suffered from severe neutropenia, and 17.3% from mucositis. The median duration of VRC AFP was 17 days (range, 1 to 31 d). A single breakthrough fungemia due to Candida glabrata was recorded. Only 1 patient died due to the underlying disease. The most common AEs reported in 70/429 (16.3%) courses with ≥1 AE were elevated liver enzymes (50%), hypokalemia (24.3%), and ophthalmological disorders (14.3%). The median time of AE onset was 5 days (range, 1 to 21 d). Among 70 AEs reported, 38.5%, 48.4%, and 12.8% were of grade I, II, and III, respectively.Conclusions:VRC prophylaxis in pediatric hematology/oncology patients appears to be well tolerated. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Pediatric Hematology / Oncology Wolters Kluwer Health

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wolters_kluwer/voriconazole-antifungal-prophylaxis-in-children-with-malignancies-a-DnLB4X7A5r
Publisher
Wolters Kluwer
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1077-4114
eISSN
1536-3678
D.O.I.
10.1097/MPH.0000000000000926
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background:Antifungal prophylaxis (AFP) is recommended in at-risk hematology-oncology patients. We evaluated the safety of AFP with voriconazole (VRC) in pediatric hematology/oncology patients.Materials and Methods:A retrospective study of VRC AFP in children with malignancies hospitalized in all 7 Greek pediatric hematology/oncology centers during 2008 to 2012 was conducted. Patients’ demographics, outcome, and adverse event (AE) data were recorded.Results:Four hundred twenty-nine VRC AFP courses in 249 patients (median age 6 y, 55% boys) were studied. The most common underlying diseases were acute lymphoblastic leukemia (51%), non Hodgkin lymphoma (8.6%), and acute myeloid leukemia (7.7%). The median number of VRC courses per patient was 1.7, whereas the median VRC dose was 7 mg/kg (range, 5 to 7 mg/kg) every 12 hours. During the last 2 weeks before AFP, 51% of the patients had received corticosteroids, 43% suffered from severe neutropenia, and 17.3% from mucositis. The median duration of VRC AFP was 17 days (range, 1 to 31 d). A single breakthrough fungemia due to Candida glabrata was recorded. Only 1 patient died due to the underlying disease. The most common AEs reported in 70/429 (16.3%) courses with ≥1 AE were elevated liver enzymes (50%), hypokalemia (24.3%), and ophthalmological disorders (14.3%). The median time of AE onset was 5 days (range, 1 to 21 d). Among 70 AEs reported, 38.5%, 48.4%, and 12.8% were of grade I, II, and III, respectively.Conclusions:VRC prophylaxis in pediatric hematology/oncology patients appears to be well tolerated.

Journal

Journal of Pediatric Hematology / OncologyWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Jan 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off