The change of motor cortical excitability between eyes open and closed conditions

The change of motor cortical excitability between eyes open and closed conditions The effect of the eyes closed and eyes open states on transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-induced motor cortex response remains unclear. This study evaluated the difference in TMS-induced motor cortical responses between the eyes open and eyes closed states. Ten healthy right-handed participants participated in three experiments. The stimulation–response curve of motor-evoked potential, short-interval intracortical inhibition, intracortical facilitation, and cortical silent period were determined in both the eyes open and eyes closed states, in random order. The order of performance of the eyes open and eyes closed states was also random. The stimulation–response curve obtained in the eyes open state was steeper than that obtained in the eyes closed state. The resting and active motor thresholds, cortical silent period, short-interval intracortical inhibition, and intracortical facilitation were similar in the eyes open and eyes closed states. These data demonstrate that the eyes closed state may affect the recruitment of cortical circuits and thus diminish the TMS-evoked motor output. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neuroreport Wolters Kluwer Health

The change of motor cortical excitability between eyes open and closed conditions

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0959-4965
eISSN
1473-558X
D.O.I.
10.1097/WNR.0000000000000955
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effect of the eyes closed and eyes open states on transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-induced motor cortex response remains unclear. This study evaluated the difference in TMS-induced motor cortical responses between the eyes open and eyes closed states. Ten healthy right-handed participants participated in three experiments. The stimulation–response curve of motor-evoked potential, short-interval intracortical inhibition, intracortical facilitation, and cortical silent period were determined in both the eyes open and eyes closed states, in random order. The order of performance of the eyes open and eyes closed states was also random. The stimulation–response curve obtained in the eyes open state was steeper than that obtained in the eyes closed state. The resting and active motor thresholds, cortical silent period, short-interval intracortical inhibition, and intracortical facilitation were similar in the eyes open and eyes closed states. These data demonstrate that the eyes closed state may affect the recruitment of cortical circuits and thus diminish the TMS-evoked motor output.

Journal

NeuroreportWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Feb 7, 2018

References

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