We herein reported a 4-month-old boy with transplantation-associated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (TA-aHUS) who was successfully treated with eculizumab. The patient diagnosed with type 3 of familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis underwent cord blood transplantation. After transplantation, he developed TA-aHUS, but plasma exchanges were unsuccessful. We identified deletions in CFH-related gene 1 (del-CFHR1) by the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification testing procedure and CFH autoantibodies. Eculizumab has been administered to the patient, with a marked improvement being achieved in thrombocytopenia. He has been well except for the persistent microhematuria for a year after transplantation. Uncontrolled complement activation might be involved in the pathophysiology of TA-aHUS.
Journal of Pediatric Hematology / Oncology – Wolters Kluwer Health
Published: Jan 1, 2018
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