Recent advances in heart failure

Recent advances in heart failure Purpose of reviewAcute heart failure continues to be a challenge as there is limited benefit of numerous agents that have been tested. Cardiac resynchronization therapy remains standard of care, yet timing and need for implantable cardiac defibrillator has been brought into question with the recent randomized trials. Several recent advances have been made towards management of heart failure both in drug and device therapy. The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the most important recent studies on heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).Recent findingsTwo new drugs have been added to the armamentarium for HFrEF; ivabradine and angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitors (ARNIs). Initial data from a new left ventricular assist device (LVAD) pump, the HeartMate 3 (HM III), have demonstrated no reports of pump thrombosis at 6 months, but stroke and right ventricle failure continue to be a challenge with comparable rates compared with the HeartMate II. Several large studies in HFpEF failed to show improvement in outcomes and management continues to be geared towards lifestyle modification and symptom relief.SummaryNewer therapies and devices have met with great success, yet there are several therapies that provide no benefit and even harm. A careful review of the recent literature remains instrumental to the effective management of patients with heart failure. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Opinion in Cardiology Wolters Kluwer Health

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0268-4705
eISSN
1531-7080
D.O.I.
10.1097/HCO.0000000000000497
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of reviewAcute heart failure continues to be a challenge as there is limited benefit of numerous agents that have been tested. Cardiac resynchronization therapy remains standard of care, yet timing and need for implantable cardiac defibrillator has been brought into question with the recent randomized trials. Several recent advances have been made towards management of heart failure both in drug and device therapy. The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the most important recent studies on heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).Recent findingsTwo new drugs have been added to the armamentarium for HFrEF; ivabradine and angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitors (ARNIs). Initial data from a new left ventricular assist device (LVAD) pump, the HeartMate 3 (HM III), have demonstrated no reports of pump thrombosis at 6 months, but stroke and right ventricle failure continue to be a challenge with comparable rates compared with the HeartMate II. Several large studies in HFpEF failed to show improvement in outcomes and management continues to be geared towards lifestyle modification and symptom relief.SummaryNewer therapies and devices have met with great success, yet there are several therapies that provide no benefit and even harm. A careful review of the recent literature remains instrumental to the effective management of patients with heart failure.

Journal

Current Opinion in CardiologyWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

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