Platelet-Derived Microvesicles: A Potential Therapy for Trauma-Induced Coagulopathy

Platelet-Derived Microvesicles: A Potential Therapy for Trauma-Induced Coagulopathy ABSTRACTTrauma patients are often affected by a hypocoagulable condition referred to as trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) for which few therapeutic options exist. One available treatment is fresh platelets transfusion, although it is not efficacious enough and has a number of limitations. Therefore, we reviewed the literature to propose an alternative therapy based on platelet-derived microvesicles (PMVs), which are cellular fragments surrounded by extracellular membrane and filled with cytoplasmic content. This concept is supported by a large number of studies in which the hypercoagulable role of PMVs has been demonstrated and associated with thrombosis-related conditions. The purpose of this review is to summarize what is currently known about PMVs and discuss whether a transfusion of isolated human PMVs could be used as a therapy for TIC. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png SHOCK®: Injury, Inflammation, and Sepsis: Laboratory and Clinical Approaches Wolters Kluwer Health

Platelet-Derived Microvesicles: A Potential Therapy for Trauma-Induced Coagulopathy

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by the Shock Society
ISSN
1073-2322
eISSN
1540-0514
D.O.I.
10.1097/SHK.0000000000000974
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ABSTRACTTrauma patients are often affected by a hypocoagulable condition referred to as trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) for which few therapeutic options exist. One available treatment is fresh platelets transfusion, although it is not efficacious enough and has a number of limitations. Therefore, we reviewed the literature to propose an alternative therapy based on platelet-derived microvesicles (PMVs), which are cellular fragments surrounded by extracellular membrane and filled with cytoplasmic content. This concept is supported by a large number of studies in which the hypercoagulable role of PMVs has been demonstrated and associated with thrombosis-related conditions. The purpose of this review is to summarize what is currently known about PMVs and discuss whether a transfusion of isolated human PMVs could be used as a therapy for TIC.

Journal

SHOCK®: Injury, Inflammation, and Sepsis: Laboratory and Clinical ApproachesWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

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