Obesity has been shown to be associated with hypertension in Africa, the Caribbean, and the United States, but there has not previously been an opportunity to compare the magnitude of this relation and estimate the contribution of obesity to hypertension risk across these populations. The International Collaborative Study on Hypertension in Blacks (ICSHIB) used age‐stratified sampling and a standardized protocol to measure blood pressure and hypertension risk factors. We analyzed data on 9,102 men and women, age 25‐74 years, from seven sites. We studied hypertension (140/90 mmHg or medication) in relation to body mass index (BMI) and sex‐specific BMI cutpoints designating “overweight” and “obesity.” The prevalence of these conditions ranged from 6% to 63% for overweight, from 1% to 36% for obesity, and from 12% to 35% for hypertension. Adjusted relative risks were similar in most sites, ranging from 1.3 to 2.3 for both cutpoints. We found that 6‐29% of hypertension in each population was attributable to overweight and 0‐16% to obesity. Comparing rural Africa with the United States, 43% of the difference in hypertension prevalence for women was attributable to overweight, and 22% for men, whereas respective values for obesity were 14% and 11%. These results indicate that the association between adiposity and hypertension is roughly constant across a range of environments, with little evidence for variation in susceptibility to effects of overweight in these groups.
Epidemiology – Wolters Kluwer Health
Published: Jul 1, 1996
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera