Long-term Outcome of Small, Incidentally Detected Rectal Neuroendocrine Tumors Removed by Simple Excisional Biopsy Compared With the Advanced Endoscopic Resection During Screening Colonoscopy

Long-term Outcome of Small, Incidentally Detected Rectal Neuroendocrine Tumors Removed by Simple... BACKGROUND: Incidental, small rectal neuroendocrine tumors during colonoscopy screening are sometimes removed using biopsy forceps. Few studies have examined the clinical course of rectal neuroendocrine tumors removed by simple excisional biopsy. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the long-term outcome of rectal neuroendocrine tumors removed by simple excisional biopsy compared with standard endoscopic resection. DESIGN: This was a cohort study. SETTINGS: This study was performed at a healthcare center in Korea. PATIENTS: We enrolled patients with rectal neuroendocrine tumors detected during a screening colonoscopy between 2003 and 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes (overall survival and disease-free survival) of small neuroendocrine tumors <10 mm were compared between the simple excisional biopsy group and advanced endoscopic resection group. RESULTS: In total, 166 patients were diagnosed with rectal neuroendocrine tumors (≤5 mm, n = 100; 6–9 mm, n = 50; 10–19 mm, n = 15; ≥20 mm, n = 1). Among the 150 patients with neuroendocrine tumors <10 mm, follow-up endoscopy was performed on 99 (59.6%). All of the tumors were confined to the mucosa or submucosa. Thirty-one and 68 patients were included in the simple excisional biopsy and advanced endoscopic resection groups. The overall follow-up duration was 6.5 years (range, 1.0–12.8 y). Neither overall nor disease-related death occurred. Two patients exhibited local recurrence (6.5%, at 8 and 11 y) in the simple excisional biopsy group and 1 patient (1.5%, at 7 y) in the advanced endoscopic resection group, resulting in no significant difference (p = 0.37). All of the recurrences were diagnosed >5 years from initial diagnosis and successfully treated endoscopically. LIMITATIONS: More long-term data should be warranted. CONCLUSIONS: The long-term outcome of small rectal neuroendocrine tumors <10 mm removed by simple excisional biopsy was excellent. Neither overall survival nor disease-free survival significantly differed between the simple excisional biopsy group and the advanced endoscopic resection group. Thus, simple excisional biopsy and long-term follow-up can be cautiously applied for small rectal neuroendocrine tumors in clinical practice. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A406. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Diseases of the Colon & Rectum Wolters Kluwer Health

Long-term Outcome of Small, Incidentally Detected Rectal Neuroendocrine Tumors Removed by Simple Excisional Biopsy Compared With the Advanced Endoscopic Resection During Screening Colonoscopy

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wolters_kluwer/long-term-outcome-of-small-incidentally-detected-rectal-neuroendocrine-sb0D676fh0
Publisher
Wolters Kluwer
Copyright
© The ASCRS 2018
ISSN
0012-3706
eISSN
1530-0358
D.O.I.
10.1097/DCR.0000000000000905
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Incidental, small rectal neuroendocrine tumors during colonoscopy screening are sometimes removed using biopsy forceps. Few studies have examined the clinical course of rectal neuroendocrine tumors removed by simple excisional biopsy. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the long-term outcome of rectal neuroendocrine tumors removed by simple excisional biopsy compared with standard endoscopic resection. DESIGN: This was a cohort study. SETTINGS: This study was performed at a healthcare center in Korea. PATIENTS: We enrolled patients with rectal neuroendocrine tumors detected during a screening colonoscopy between 2003 and 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes (overall survival and disease-free survival) of small neuroendocrine tumors <10 mm were compared between the simple excisional biopsy group and advanced endoscopic resection group. RESULTS: In total, 166 patients were diagnosed with rectal neuroendocrine tumors (≤5 mm, n = 100; 6–9 mm, n = 50; 10–19 mm, n = 15; ≥20 mm, n = 1). Among the 150 patients with neuroendocrine tumors <10 mm, follow-up endoscopy was performed on 99 (59.6%). All of the tumors were confined to the mucosa or submucosa. Thirty-one and 68 patients were included in the simple excisional biopsy and advanced endoscopic resection groups. The overall follow-up duration was 6.5 years (range, 1.0–12.8 y). Neither overall nor disease-related death occurred. Two patients exhibited local recurrence (6.5%, at 8 and 11 y) in the simple excisional biopsy group and 1 patient (1.5%, at 7 y) in the advanced endoscopic resection group, resulting in no significant difference (p = 0.37). All of the recurrences were diagnosed >5 years from initial diagnosis and successfully treated endoscopically. LIMITATIONS: More long-term data should be warranted. CONCLUSIONS: The long-term outcome of small rectal neuroendocrine tumors <10 mm removed by simple excisional biopsy was excellent. Neither overall survival nor disease-free survival significantly differed between the simple excisional biopsy group and the advanced endoscopic resection group. Thus, simple excisional biopsy and long-term follow-up can be cautiously applied for small rectal neuroendocrine tumors in clinical practice. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A406.

Journal

Diseases of the Colon & RectumWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off