Ischemic stroke in liver cirrhosis: epidemiology, risk factors, and in-hospital outcomes

Ischemic stroke in liver cirrhosis: epidemiology, risk factors, and in-hospital outcomes Background and aimsPatients with cirrhosis are reportedly more prone to develop hemorrhagic stroke, thereby increasing the risk of death. However, the effect of ischemic stroke on liver diseases remains unclear. In addition, few studies have explored the risk factors for ischemic stroke in patients with liver cirrhosis. Our study aimed to explore the epidemiology, risk factors, and in-hospital outcomes of ischemic stroke in a large cohort of hospitalized patients with cirrhosis.Patients and methodsIn this single-center observational study, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with liver cirrhosis admitted to our hospital from January 2011 to June 2014. A diagnosis of ischemic stroke was further identified.ResultsOf the 2444 patients with liver cirrhosis, 160 had ischemic stroke, including 128 patients with previous ischemic stroke and 32 patients with new-onset ischemic stroke during their hospitalizations. Compared with patients with cirrhosis without ischemic stroke, those with ischemic stroke were significantly older; had a significantly higher proportion of arterial hypertension and a significantly lower proportion of hepatitis B virus infection; had significantly higher white blood cell, platelet, blood urea nitrogen, and triglyceride levels; and had significantly lower alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels and prothrombin time. The in-hospital mortality was significantly higher in patients with ischemic stroke than in those without [8.80% (14/160) vs. 3.2% (72/2284), P=0.001].ConclusionIschemic stroke was often observed in patients with cirrhosis, and it significantly increased the in-hospital mortality. The association of inflammation, coagulation disorders, and viral hepatitis with development of ischemic stroke in liver cirrhosis should be further evaluated in prospective cohort studies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology Wolters Kluwer Health

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0954-691X
eISSN
1473-5687
D.O.I.
10.1097/MEG.0000000000001011
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background and aimsPatients with cirrhosis are reportedly more prone to develop hemorrhagic stroke, thereby increasing the risk of death. However, the effect of ischemic stroke on liver diseases remains unclear. In addition, few studies have explored the risk factors for ischemic stroke in patients with liver cirrhosis. Our study aimed to explore the epidemiology, risk factors, and in-hospital outcomes of ischemic stroke in a large cohort of hospitalized patients with cirrhosis.Patients and methodsIn this single-center observational study, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with liver cirrhosis admitted to our hospital from January 2011 to June 2014. A diagnosis of ischemic stroke was further identified.ResultsOf the 2444 patients with liver cirrhosis, 160 had ischemic stroke, including 128 patients with previous ischemic stroke and 32 patients with new-onset ischemic stroke during their hospitalizations. Compared with patients with cirrhosis without ischemic stroke, those with ischemic stroke were significantly older; had a significantly higher proportion of arterial hypertension and a significantly lower proportion of hepatitis B virus infection; had significantly higher white blood cell, platelet, blood urea nitrogen, and triglyceride levels; and had significantly lower alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels and prothrombin time. The in-hospital mortality was significantly higher in patients with ischemic stroke than in those without [8.80% (14/160) vs. 3.2% (72/2284), P=0.001].ConclusionIschemic stroke was often observed in patients with cirrhosis, and it significantly increased the in-hospital mortality. The association of inflammation, coagulation disorders, and viral hepatitis with development of ischemic stroke in liver cirrhosis should be further evaluated in prospective cohort studies.

Journal

European Journal of Gastroenterology & HepatologyWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Feb 1, 2018

References

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