Incidence and Factors Correlating With Incisional Hernia Following Open Bowel Resection in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Incidence and Factors Correlating With Incisional Hernia Following Open Bowel Resection in... Objective:The aim of this study was to identify the incidence and factors associated with the development of incisional hernia (IH) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) undergoing open bowel resections.Background:Predisposing factors for IH have not been well studied in patients with IBD undergoing open bowel resection. The role of duration of the disease, nutritional factors, anti-inflammatory treatment, previous operative procedures, wound infection, and other complicating factors remains unclear.Methods:One thousand patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease were followed for a mean of 8 years after open bowel resection. The incidence of IH was recorded as well as correlating factors with the development of IH.Results:The overall incidence of IH in this series was 20% (21% for ulcerative colitis and 20% for Crohn's disease). Statistically significant risk factors for development of IH were wound infection (HR 3.66, P <0.001), hypoalbuminemia (HR 2.02, P = 0.002), history of previous bowel resection (HR 1.60, P = 0.003), creation of ileostomy at the time of procedure (HR 1.53, P = 0.01), history of smoking (HR 1.52, P = 0.013), body mass index at surgery (1.036, P = 0.009), age at surgery (HR 1.021, P <0.001), and age at the onset of disease (HR 1.018, P <0.001).Conclusions:Patients with IBD have a high incidence of incisional hernia after open bowel resection. Wound infection had the strongest correlation with the development of IH. The other factors were age at onset of IBD, age at surgery, body mass index, serum albumin, presence of ileostomy, previous surgical procedures, and history of smoking. Duration of disease, preoperative steroids, immunosuppressive therapy, and blood transfusion were not found to correlate with IH. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annals of Surgery Wolters Kluwer Health

Incidence and Factors Correlating With Incisional Hernia Following Open Bowel Resection in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wolters_kluwer/incidence-and-factors-correlating-with-incisional-hernia-following-aXM4fO79Dj
Publisher
Wolters Kluwer
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0003-4932
eISSN
1528-1140
D.O.I.
10.1097/SLA.0000000000002120
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objective:The aim of this study was to identify the incidence and factors associated with the development of incisional hernia (IH) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) undergoing open bowel resections.Background:Predisposing factors for IH have not been well studied in patients with IBD undergoing open bowel resection. The role of duration of the disease, nutritional factors, anti-inflammatory treatment, previous operative procedures, wound infection, and other complicating factors remains unclear.Methods:One thousand patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease were followed for a mean of 8 years after open bowel resection. The incidence of IH was recorded as well as correlating factors with the development of IH.Results:The overall incidence of IH in this series was 20% (21% for ulcerative colitis and 20% for Crohn's disease). Statistically significant risk factors for development of IH were wound infection (HR 3.66, P <0.001), hypoalbuminemia (HR 2.02, P = 0.002), history of previous bowel resection (HR 1.60, P = 0.003), creation of ileostomy at the time of procedure (HR 1.53, P = 0.01), history of smoking (HR 1.52, P = 0.013), body mass index at surgery (1.036, P = 0.009), age at surgery (HR 1.021, P <0.001), and age at the onset of disease (HR 1.018, P <0.001).Conclusions:Patients with IBD have a high incidence of incisional hernia after open bowel resection. Wound infection had the strongest correlation with the development of IH. The other factors were age at onset of IBD, age at surgery, body mass index, serum albumin, presence of ileostomy, previous surgical procedures, and history of smoking. Duration of disease, preoperative steroids, immunosuppressive therapy, and blood transfusion were not found to correlate with IH.

Journal

Annals of SurgeryWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off