High-Resolution Infrared Thermography of Esophageal Temperature During Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation

High-Resolution Infrared Thermography of Esophageal Temperature During Radiofrequency Ablation of... Background: Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation has potential to cause esophageal thermal injury. Esophageal temperature monitoring during ablation is commonly used; however, it has not eliminated thermal injuries, possibly because conventional sensors have poor spatial sampling and response characteristics. To enhance understanding of temperature dynamics that may underlie esophageal injury, we tested a high-resolution, intrabody, infrared thermography catheter to continuously image esophageal temperatures during ablation. Methods and Results: Atrial fibrillation ablation patients were instrumented with a flexible, 9F infrared temperature catheter inserted nasally (n=8) or orally (n=8) into the esophagus adjacent to the left atrium. Ablation was performed while the infrared catheter continuously recorded surface temperatures from 7680 points per second circumferentially over a 6-cm length of esophagus. Physicians were blinded to temperature data. Endoscopy was performed within 24 hours to document esophageal injury. Thermal imaging showed that most patients (10/16) experienced ≥1 events where peak esophageal temperature was >40°C. Three patients experienced temperatures >50°C; and 1 experienced >60°C. Analysis of temperature data for each subject’s maximum thermal event revealed high gradients (2.3±1.4°C/mm) and rates of change (1.5±1.3°C/s) with an average length of esophageal involvement of 11.0±5.4 mm. Endoscopy identified 3 distinct thermal lesions, all in patients with temperatures >50°C; all resolved within 2 weeks. Conclusions: Infrared thermography provided dynamic, high-resolution mapping of esophageal temperatures during cardiac ablation. Esophageal thermal injury occurred with temperatures >50°C and was associated with large spatiotemporal gradients. Additional studies are warranted to determine the relationships between thermal parameters and esophageal injury. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Circulation: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Wolters Kluwer Health

High-Resolution Infrared Thermography of Esophageal Temperature During Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer Health
Copyright
© 2018 American Heart Association, Inc.
ISSN
1941-3149
eISSN
1941-3084
D.O.I.
10.1161/CIRCEP.117.005667
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background: Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation has potential to cause esophageal thermal injury. Esophageal temperature monitoring during ablation is commonly used; however, it has not eliminated thermal injuries, possibly because conventional sensors have poor spatial sampling and response characteristics. To enhance understanding of temperature dynamics that may underlie esophageal injury, we tested a high-resolution, intrabody, infrared thermography catheter to continuously image esophageal temperatures during ablation. Methods and Results: Atrial fibrillation ablation patients were instrumented with a flexible, 9F infrared temperature catheter inserted nasally (n=8) or orally (n=8) into the esophagus adjacent to the left atrium. Ablation was performed while the infrared catheter continuously recorded surface temperatures from 7680 points per second circumferentially over a 6-cm length of esophagus. Physicians were blinded to temperature data. Endoscopy was performed within 24 hours to document esophageal injury. Thermal imaging showed that most patients (10/16) experienced ≥1 events where peak esophageal temperature was >40°C. Three patients experienced temperatures >50°C; and 1 experienced >60°C. Analysis of temperature data for each subject’s maximum thermal event revealed high gradients (2.3±1.4°C/mm) and rates of change (1.5±1.3°C/s) with an average length of esophageal involvement of 11.0±5.4 mm. Endoscopy identified 3 distinct thermal lesions, all in patients with temperatures >50°C; all resolved within 2 weeks. Conclusions: Infrared thermography provided dynamic, high-resolution mapping of esophageal temperatures during cardiac ablation. Esophageal thermal injury occurred with temperatures >50°C and was associated with large spatiotemporal gradients. Additional studies are warranted to determine the relationships between thermal parameters and esophageal injury.

Journal

Circulation: Arrhythmia & ElectrophysiologyWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Feb 1, 2018

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