From Genotype to Phenotype

From Genotype to Phenotype Genome-wide association studies have implicated many human genomic loci in the development of complex traits. The loci identified by these studies are potentially involved in novel pathways that contribute to disease pathophysiology. However, eventual therapeutic targeting of these pathways relies on bridging the gap between genetic association and function—a task that first requires validation of causal genetic variants, casual genes, and directionality of effect. Executing this task requires basic knowledge of interpreting genome-wide association study results and prioritizing candidates for further study, in addition to understanding the experimental methods available for evaluating candidate variants. Here, we review the basic genetic principles of genome-wide association studies, the computational and experimental tools used for identifying causal variants and genes, and salient illustrative examples of how cardiovascular loci have undergone functional investigation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics Wolters Kluwer Health

From Genotype to Phenotype

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer Health
Copyright
© 2018 American Heart Association, Inc.
ISSN
1942-325X
eISSN
1942-3268
D.O.I.
10.1161/CIRCGEN.117.001946
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Genome-wide association studies have implicated many human genomic loci in the development of complex traits. The loci identified by these studies are potentially involved in novel pathways that contribute to disease pathophysiology. However, eventual therapeutic targeting of these pathways relies on bridging the gap between genetic association and function—a task that first requires validation of causal genetic variants, casual genes, and directionality of effect. Executing this task requires basic knowledge of interpreting genome-wide association study results and prioritizing candidates for further study, in addition to understanding the experimental methods available for evaluating candidate variants. Here, we review the basic genetic principles of genome-wide association studies, the computational and experimental tools used for identifying causal variants and genes, and salient illustrative examples of how cardiovascular loci have undergone functional investigation.

Journal

Circulation: Cardiovascular GeneticsWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Feb 1, 2018

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