Falls in Hospitalized Children With Neurodevelopmental Conditions: A Cross-sectional, Correlational Study

Falls in Hospitalized Children With Neurodevelopmental Conditions: A Cross-sectional,... Abstract Purpose: The aim of the current study was to investigate in-hospital falls among children with neurological or neurodevelopmental conditions and investigated associated child characteristics. Design: A cross-sectional, correlational study design was used in this study. A total of 446 patients were enrolled in the study, of which 298 were admitted with neurological conditions and 148 with neurodevelopmental conditions. Methods: Intelligent quotient (IQ) was assessed according to age, and the Humpty Dumpty Falls Scale (HDFS) was completed and scored for each participant. Findings: The neurodevelopmental group showed higher HDFS total mean score (p = .001) compared to the neurological group. We found that fall rates are more frequent (p = .003) in the neurodevelopmental group (12.9%) compared with the neurological group (5.1%). In addition, we found that, in both groups, HDFS total mean score correlates negatively with children’s age, gender and IQ. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: The results of this study suggest that the fall prevention programs must be implemented in children with neurodevelopmental conditions, not only in children with neurological conditions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Rehabilitation Nursing Wolters Kluwer Health

Falls in Hospitalized Children With Neurodevelopmental Conditions: A Cross-sectional, Correlational Study

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Publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.
ISSN
0278-4807
eISSN
2048-7940
D.O.I.
10.1097/rnj.0000000000000112
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Purpose: The aim of the current study was to investigate in-hospital falls among children with neurological or neurodevelopmental conditions and investigated associated child characteristics. Design: A cross-sectional, correlational study design was used in this study. A total of 446 patients were enrolled in the study, of which 298 were admitted with neurological conditions and 148 with neurodevelopmental conditions. Methods: Intelligent quotient (IQ) was assessed according to age, and the Humpty Dumpty Falls Scale (HDFS) was completed and scored for each participant. Findings: The neurodevelopmental group showed higher HDFS total mean score (p = .001) compared to the neurological group. We found that fall rates are more frequent (p = .003) in the neurodevelopmental group (12.9%) compared with the neurological group (5.1%). In addition, we found that, in both groups, HDFS total mean score correlates negatively with children’s age, gender and IQ. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: The results of this study suggest that the fall prevention programs must be implemented in children with neurodevelopmental conditions, not only in children with neurological conditions.

Journal

Rehabilitation NursingWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Apr 1, 2017

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