Exploring the Adaptability of Tai Chi to Stroke Rehabilitation

Exploring the Adaptability of Tai Chi to Stroke Rehabilitation Abstract Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and preliminary estimates of effectiveness of Tai Chi on functional outcomes in stroke survivors. Design: A mixed-method study with a single-group repeated-measure design and in-depth interviews. Methods: Fourteen stroke survivors with hemiplegia were recruited to participate in a Tai Chi program, twice weekly for 12 months. Outcomes included physical function, self-efficacy, and activity of daily living measured at 3-month intervals for 12 months. Findings: Ten participants (mean age, 68.5 years) completed all assessments with significantly improved balance (χ2 = 14.08, p = .007), flexibility (χ2 = 11.70, p = .020), and self-efficacy (χ2 = 21.84, p < .001) over 12 months. Qualitative results highlighted the positive impact on physical improvement, psychological well-being, social support, and improved confidence in performing activities of daily living. Conclusion: An adapted Tai Chi program was safe, feasible, and well received in community-dwelling stroke survivors. Clinical Relevance: The Tai Chi-based rehabilitation program shows promise for improving function and balance outcomes related to fall prevention in stroke survivors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Rehabilitation Nursing Wolters Kluwer Health

Exploring the Adaptability of Tai Chi to Stroke Rehabilitation

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Publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.
ISSN
0278-4807
eISSN
2048-7940
D.O.I.
10.1097/rnj.0000000000000110
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and preliminary estimates of effectiveness of Tai Chi on functional outcomes in stroke survivors. Design: A mixed-method study with a single-group repeated-measure design and in-depth interviews. Methods: Fourteen stroke survivors with hemiplegia were recruited to participate in a Tai Chi program, twice weekly for 12 months. Outcomes included physical function, self-efficacy, and activity of daily living measured at 3-month intervals for 12 months. Findings: Ten participants (mean age, 68.5 years) completed all assessments with significantly improved balance (χ2 = 14.08, p = .007), flexibility (χ2 = 11.70, p = .020), and self-efficacy (χ2 = 21.84, p < .001) over 12 months. Qualitative results highlighted the positive impact on physical improvement, psychological well-being, social support, and improved confidence in performing activities of daily living. Conclusion: An adapted Tai Chi program was safe, feasible, and well received in community-dwelling stroke survivors. Clinical Relevance: The Tai Chi-based rehabilitation program shows promise for improving function and balance outcomes related to fall prevention in stroke survivors.

Journal

Rehabilitation NursingWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Apr 1, 2017

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