Endocytosis of Red Blood Cell Microparticles by Pulmonary Endothelial Cells is Mediated By Rab5

Endocytosis of Red Blood Cell Microparticles by Pulmonary Endothelial Cells is Mediated By Rab5 ABSTRACTMicroparticles are submicron vesicles shed from aging erythrocytes as a characteristic feature of the red blood cell (RBC) storage lesion. Exposure of pulmonary endothelial cells to RBC-derived microparticles promotes an inflammatory response, but the mechanisms underlying microparticle-induced endothelial cell activation are poorly understood. In the present study, cultured murine lung endothelial cells (MLECs) were treated with microparticles isolated from aged murine packed RBCs or vehicle. Microparticle-treated cells demonstrated increased expression of the adhesion molecules ICAM and E-selectin, as well as the cytokine, IL-6. To identify mechanisms that mediate these effects of microparticles on MLECs, cells were treated with microparticles covalently bound to carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE) and cellular uptake of microparticles was quantified via flow cytometry. Compared with controls, there was a greater proportion of CFSE-positive MLECs from 15 min up to 24 h, suggesting endocytosis of the microparticles by endothelial cells. Colocalization of microparticles with lysosomes was observed via immunofluorescence, indicating endocytosis and endolysosomal trafficking. This process was inhibited by endocytosis inhibitors. SiRNA knockdown of Rab5 signaling protein in endothelial cells resulted in impaired microparticle uptake as compared with nonsense siRNA-treated cells, as well as an attenuation of the inflammatory response to microparticle treatment. Taken together, these data suggest that endocytosis of RBC-derived microparticles by lung endothelial cells results in endothelial cell activation. This response seems to be mediated, in part, by the Rab5 signaling protein. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png SHOCK®: Injury, Inflammation, and Sepsis: Laboratory and Clinical Approaches Wolters Kluwer Health

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wolters_kluwer/endocytosis-of-red-blood-cell-microparticles-by-pulmonary-endothelial-s9VoGp09HJ
Publisher
Wolters Kluwer Health
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by the Shock Society
ISSN
1073-2322
eISSN
1540-0514
D.O.I.
10.1097/SHK.0000000000000995
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ABSTRACTMicroparticles are submicron vesicles shed from aging erythrocytes as a characteristic feature of the red blood cell (RBC) storage lesion. Exposure of pulmonary endothelial cells to RBC-derived microparticles promotes an inflammatory response, but the mechanisms underlying microparticle-induced endothelial cell activation are poorly understood. In the present study, cultured murine lung endothelial cells (MLECs) were treated with microparticles isolated from aged murine packed RBCs or vehicle. Microparticle-treated cells demonstrated increased expression of the adhesion molecules ICAM and E-selectin, as well as the cytokine, IL-6. To identify mechanisms that mediate these effects of microparticles on MLECs, cells were treated with microparticles covalently bound to carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE) and cellular uptake of microparticles was quantified via flow cytometry. Compared with controls, there was a greater proportion of CFSE-positive MLECs from 15 min up to 24 h, suggesting endocytosis of the microparticles by endothelial cells. Colocalization of microparticles with lysosomes was observed via immunofluorescence, indicating endocytosis and endolysosomal trafficking. This process was inhibited by endocytosis inhibitors. SiRNA knockdown of Rab5 signaling protein in endothelial cells resulted in impaired microparticle uptake as compared with nonsense siRNA-treated cells, as well as an attenuation of the inflammatory response to microparticle treatment. Taken together, these data suggest that endocytosis of RBC-derived microparticles by lung endothelial cells results in endothelial cell activation. This response seems to be mediated, in part, by the Rab5 signaling protein.

Journal

SHOCK®: Injury, Inflammation, and Sepsis: Laboratory and Clinical ApproachesWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off