Deep femoral artery branch pseudoaneurysm formation and injury after hip fracture surgery

Deep femoral artery branch pseudoaneurysm formation and injury after hip fracture surgery AbstractIntroduction:Complications involving vascular injuries after hip fracture are rare, and the diagnosis and management of deep femoral artery (DFA) injuries are challenging. We reported 4 cases of DFA injuries after hip fracture surgery and aimed to discuss their early detection, treatment, and prevention.Methods:We reviewed 4 cases of deep femoral injury after hip fracture. Case 1: a 71-year-old woman suffered a fracture around a prosthesis. Cases 2–4: 2 men and 1 woman suffered subtrochanteric or intertrochanteric fracture. DFA branch pseudoaneurysm formation and injury were found via arteriography after surgery. All the patients were diagnosed with DFA branch pseudoaneurysm formation and injury. Percutaneous intervention therapy was used to block the pseudoaneurysms with coil or gel.Results:Among the cases, the main symptoms were severe pain or swelling with large-scale ecchymosis in the thigh or perineum. We used arterial duplex to diagnose pseudoaneurysm and treated the injury using interventional intravascular embolization. In Case 1, damage by the guide wire used during surgery, and over-treatment with anticoagulants, may have occurred. In Case 2, the guide wire was a possible contributing factor to injuries. In Case 3, the displaced lesser trochanter fragment may have damaged the vessel. Lastly, a drill bit was a contributing factor to the injuries in Case 4.Conclusion:There are many definitive causes of DFA pseudoaneurysm formation and injuries. Such injuries can be diagnosed via digital subtraction angiography or CT angiography, and a thorough understanding of the anatomy of the femur and damages from reductions is important. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Medicine Wolters Kluwer Health

Deep femoral artery branch pseudoaneurysm formation and injury after hip fracture surgery

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wolters_kluwer/deep-femoral-artery-branch-pseudoaneurysm-formation-and-injury-after-yzejgkTwgx
Publisher
Wolters Kluwer
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
ISSN
0025-7974
eISSN
1536-5964
D.O.I.
10.1097/MD.0000000000009872
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractIntroduction:Complications involving vascular injuries after hip fracture are rare, and the diagnosis and management of deep femoral artery (DFA) injuries are challenging. We reported 4 cases of DFA injuries after hip fracture surgery and aimed to discuss their early detection, treatment, and prevention.Methods:We reviewed 4 cases of deep femoral injury after hip fracture. Case 1: a 71-year-old woman suffered a fracture around a prosthesis. Cases 2–4: 2 men and 1 woman suffered subtrochanteric or intertrochanteric fracture. DFA branch pseudoaneurysm formation and injury were found via arteriography after surgery. All the patients were diagnosed with DFA branch pseudoaneurysm formation and injury. Percutaneous intervention therapy was used to block the pseudoaneurysms with coil or gel.Results:Among the cases, the main symptoms were severe pain or swelling with large-scale ecchymosis in the thigh or perineum. We used arterial duplex to diagnose pseudoaneurysm and treated the injury using interventional intravascular embolization. In Case 1, damage by the guide wire used during surgery, and over-treatment with anticoagulants, may have occurred. In Case 2, the guide wire was a possible contributing factor to injuries. In Case 3, the displaced lesser trochanter fragment may have damaged the vessel. Lastly, a drill bit was a contributing factor to the injuries in Case 4.Conclusion:There are many definitive causes of DFA pseudoaneurysm formation and injuries. Such injuries can be diagnosed via digital subtraction angiography or CT angiography, and a thorough understanding of the anatomy of the femur and damages from reductions is important.

Journal

MedicineWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Feb 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off