Computer-assisted surgery: virtual- and augmented-reality displays for navigation during urological interventions

Computer-assisted surgery: virtual- and augmented-reality displays for navigation during... Purpose of reviewTo provide an overview of the developments made for virtual- and augmented-reality navigation procedures in urological interventions/surgery.Recent findingsNavigation efforts have demonstrated potential in the field of urology by supporting guidance for various disorders. The navigation approaches differ between the individual indications, but seem interchangeable to a certain extent. An increasing number of pre- and intra-operative imaging modalities has been used to create detailed surgical roadmaps, namely: (cone-beam) computed tomography, MRI, ultrasound, and single-photon emission computed tomography. Registration of these surgical roadmaps with the real-life surgical view has occurred in different forms (e.g. electromagnetic, mechanical, vision, or near-infrared optical-based), whereby the combination of approaches was suggested to provide superior outcome. Soft-tissue deformations demand the use of confirmatory interventional (imaging) modalities. This has resulted in the introduction of new intraoperative modalities such as drop-in US, transurethral US, (drop-in) gamma probes and fluorescence cameras. These noninvasive modalities provide an alternative to invasive technologies that expose the patients to X-ray doses. Whereas some reports have indicated navigation setups provide equal or better results than conventional approaches, most trials have been performed in relatively small patient groups and clear follow-up data are missing.SummaryThe reported computer-assisted surgery research concepts provide a glimpse in to the future application of navigation technologies in the field of urology. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Opinion in Urology Wolters Kluwer Health

Computer-assisted surgery: virtual- and augmented-reality displays for navigation during urological interventions

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0963-0643
eISSN
1473-6586
D.O.I.
10.1097/MOU.0000000000000478
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of reviewTo provide an overview of the developments made for virtual- and augmented-reality navigation procedures in urological interventions/surgery.Recent findingsNavigation efforts have demonstrated potential in the field of urology by supporting guidance for various disorders. The navigation approaches differ between the individual indications, but seem interchangeable to a certain extent. An increasing number of pre- and intra-operative imaging modalities has been used to create detailed surgical roadmaps, namely: (cone-beam) computed tomography, MRI, ultrasound, and single-photon emission computed tomography. Registration of these surgical roadmaps with the real-life surgical view has occurred in different forms (e.g. electromagnetic, mechanical, vision, or near-infrared optical-based), whereby the combination of approaches was suggested to provide superior outcome. Soft-tissue deformations demand the use of confirmatory interventional (imaging) modalities. This has resulted in the introduction of new intraoperative modalities such as drop-in US, transurethral US, (drop-in) gamma probes and fluorescence cameras. These noninvasive modalities provide an alternative to invasive technologies that expose the patients to X-ray doses. Whereas some reports have indicated navigation setups provide equal or better results than conventional approaches, most trials have been performed in relatively small patient groups and clear follow-up data are missing.SummaryThe reported computer-assisted surgery research concepts provide a glimpse in to the future application of navigation technologies in the field of urology.

Journal

Current Opinion in UrologyWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

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