Background and objective:Hyperactivity of the brain renin–angiotensin (Ang) system has been implicated in the development and maintenance of hypertension. AngIII, one of the main effector peptides of the brain renin–Ang system, exerts a tonic stimulatory control over blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive rats. Aminopeptidase A (APA), the enzyme generating brain AngIII, represents a new therapeutic target for the treatment of hypertension. We developed RB150, a prodrug of the specific and selective APA inhibitor, EC33. When given orally in acute treatment in hypertensive rats, RB150 crosses the gastrointestinal and blood–brain barriers, enters the brain, inhibits brain APA activity and decreases BP. We investigate, here, the antihypertensive effects of chronic oral RB150 (50 mg/kg per day) treatment over 24 days in alert hypertensive deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt rats.Methods:We measured variations in Brain APA enzymatic activity, SBP, plasma arginine vasopressin levels and metabolic parameters after RB150 chronic administration.Results:This resulted in a significant decrease in SBP over the 24-day treatment period showing that no tolerance to the antihypertensive RB150 effect was observed throughout the treatment period. Chronic RB150 treatment also significantly decreased plasma arginine vasopressin levels and increased diuresis, which participate to BP decrease by reducing the size of fluid compartment. Interestingly, we observed an increased natriuresis without modifying both plasma sodium and potassium levels.Conclusion:Our results strengthen the interest of developing RB150 as a novel central-acting antihypertensive agent and evaluating its efficacy in salt-sensitive hypertension.
Journal of Hypertension – Wolters Kluwer Health
Published: Mar 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera