ObjectiveInflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a multifactorial disease and many factors may influence the disease course, like the concomitant use of medication. An example thereof is the use of β-blockers, antagonizing β-adrenergic receptors. β-adrenergic receptor activation has potent anti-inflammatory effects on the immune system. We addressed whether an association exists between the use of beta-blockers and the course of IBD, defined by the risk of a disease relapse in patients with IBD.Patients and methodsIn this retrospective case–control study, we used a population-based cohort of patients with IBD. We identified colitis relapses using IBD medication prescriptions as a proxy. We calculated the number of relapses per 100 person-years and compared this between patients with IBD using β-blockers and patients with IBD not using β-blockers. We used Cox proportional hazards models with shared frailty to compare the relative relapse risk between both groups.ResultsA total of 250 patients with IBD were included, of which 30 patients used a β-blocker for at least 3 months. With the Cox proportional hazards model with shared frailty, adjusted for age and sex, we observed a 54% (hazard ratio: 1.54; 95% confidence interval: 1.05–2.25; P=0.03) higher risk of a relapse in the group of patients with IBD using β-blockers versus the group not using β-blockers.ConclusionEven in this limited cohort study, we show that patients with IBD using β-blockers have an increased relapse risk. Indeed, concomitant medication use seems to be a factor that can influence the course of IBD, and this should be acknowledged while making decisions about treatment of IBD and follow-up.
European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology – Wolters Kluwer Health
Published: Feb 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud