Association Between Blood Pressure and Retinal Vessel Diameters Among Police Officers in the US Northeast

Association Between Blood Pressure and Retinal Vessel Diameters Among Police Officers in the US... Objective:The aim of this study was to examine relationships of blood pressure with central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE) and central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) among 242 police officers.Methods:Computerized retinal images of each eye were taken. Mean values of CRAE and CRVE were compared across hypertension status categories using analysis of variance and analysis of covariance. Associations of mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) with CRAE and CRVE were obtained using regression models.Results:CRAE was significantly narrower in officers with uncontrolled hypertension (142.8 ± 2.7 μm), compared with those with controlled hypertension (153.6 ± 2.7 μm, P = 0.0013) and those with no hypertension (156.4 ± 1.0 μm, P ≤ 0.0001) after covariate adjustment. CRAE decreased by 3.43 μm for each 5 mm Hg increase in MABP (P ≤ 0.0001).Conclusion:Uncontrolled hypertension was significantly associated with narrower retinal arterioles. No association was observed with retinal venules. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Wolters Kluwer Health

Association Between Blood Pressure and Retinal Vessel Diameters Among Police Officers in the US Northeast

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
ISSN
1076-2752
eISSN
1536-5948
D.O.I.
10.1097/JOM.0000000000001246
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objective:The aim of this study was to examine relationships of blood pressure with central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE) and central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) among 242 police officers.Methods:Computerized retinal images of each eye were taken. Mean values of CRAE and CRVE were compared across hypertension status categories using analysis of variance and analysis of covariance. Associations of mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) with CRAE and CRVE were obtained using regression models.Results:CRAE was significantly narrower in officers with uncontrolled hypertension (142.8 ± 2.7 μm), compared with those with controlled hypertension (153.6 ± 2.7 μm, P = 0.0013) and those with no hypertension (156.4 ± 1.0 μm, P ≤ 0.0001) after covariate adjustment. CRAE decreased by 3.43 μm for each 5 mm Hg increase in MABP (P ≤ 0.0001).Conclusion:Uncontrolled hypertension was significantly associated with narrower retinal arterioles. No association was observed with retinal venules.

Journal

Journal of Occupational and Environmental MedicineWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

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