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Unsafe and Unsettling

Unsafe and Unsettling ABSTRACT Background Stress remains a major occupational hazard among nurses. As the United States maintains the largest correctional system in the world, little is understood regarding the occupational stress of correctional nurses and how that stress impacts their overall health and well-being. Question Addressed What are the occupational/environmental stressors and professional burnout factors experienced by correctional nurses? Review Methods Guided by Whittemore and Knafl's methodology, an integrative review was conducted using online databases of Scopus, CINAHL, NIOSH-tic, and PubMed in July of 2021 for peer-reviewed articles ever published internationally. Key concepts of “correctional health nursing” and “occupational stress” were used in our search. Review Results One hundred fifty-two articles were identified. Eleven articles met eligibility criteria and were included in this review. Three key themes emerged: conflict, fear, and demands. Discussion Conflict arose from ethical and relational issues among coworkers, management, and incarcerated patients. Fear stemmed from physical safety concerns and workplace violence, whereas demands involved high workloads paired with a lack of organizational support. Findings revealed evidence on the unique occupational environment of correctional nursing professionals that impacted levels of stress and burnout across all types of correctional settings (e.g., jails and prisons). Implications Better assessment and consistent evaluation of the health and well-being of correctional nurses and their correctional nursing environments are needed. Additional resources to reduce stress, along with ensuring policies that mitigate ethical challenges, workplace violence, and bullying, may promote professional and safe workspaces. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Forensic Nursing Wolters Kluwer Health

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Publisher
Wolters Kluwer Health
Copyright
Copyright © 2022 International Association of Forensic Nurses
ISSN
1556-3693
eISSN
1939-3938
DOI
10.1097/jfn.0000000000000368
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background Stress remains a major occupational hazard among nurses. As the United States maintains the largest correctional system in the world, little is understood regarding the occupational stress of correctional nurses and how that stress impacts their overall health and well-being. Question Addressed What are the occupational/environmental stressors and professional burnout factors experienced by correctional nurses? Review Methods Guided by Whittemore and Knafl's methodology, an integrative review was conducted using online databases of Scopus, CINAHL, NIOSH-tic, and PubMed in July of 2021 for peer-reviewed articles ever published internationally. Key concepts of “correctional health nursing” and “occupational stress” were used in our search. Review Results One hundred fifty-two articles were identified. Eleven articles met eligibility criteria and were included in this review. Three key themes emerged: conflict, fear, and demands. Discussion Conflict arose from ethical and relational issues among coworkers, management, and incarcerated patients. Fear stemmed from physical safety concerns and workplace violence, whereas demands involved high workloads paired with a lack of organizational support. Findings revealed evidence on the unique occupational environment of correctional nursing professionals that impacted levels of stress and burnout across all types of correctional settings (e.g., jails and prisons). Implications Better assessment and consistent evaluation of the health and well-being of correctional nurses and their correctional nursing environments are needed. Additional resources to reduce stress, along with ensuring policies that mitigate ethical challenges, workplace violence, and bullying, may promote professional and safe workspaces.

Journal

Journal of Forensic NursingWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Oct 28, 2022

References