Long-term Outcome of External Tibial Derotation Osteotomies in Children With Cerebral Palsy

Long-term Outcome of External Tibial Derotation Osteotomies in Children With Cerebral Palsy Background:Internal tibial torsion (ITT) is a common boney deformity in children with cerebral palsy (CP). The current recommended treatment is tibial derotation osteotomy (TDO) to improve gait biomechanics. Satisfactory short-term results after TDO have been reported but long-term results have not been studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome after external TDO performed to correct ITT in ambulatory children with CP.Methods:Following IRB approval, gait kinematics and passive range of motion measurements were retrospectively evaluated in children with spastic CP who underwent TDO due to ITT comparing preoperative (E0), short-term postoperative (E1; 1 to 3 y post), and long-term postoperative (E2; >5 y post) results. Limbs were categorized as corrected, undercorrected, or overcorrected at both E1 and E2, by comparing the subjects mean tibial rotation (MTR) in gait to a group of typically developing children. Age at surgery, preop MTR (at E0), preop gait velocity (at E0), gross motor function classification system score, and foot deformity were evaluated to determine their influence on long-term results.Results:The study sample consisted of 36 legs (with E0 and E2) and 17 legs (with E0, E1, and E2). The mean age at surgery was 7.4±2.8 (range, 4 to 16.6) years. Comparing the changes over time, kinematic MTR improved from 17±11 degrees initially (E0) to −10±14 degrees short term (E1) and progressed to −23±13 degrees long term (E2) (P<0.05 E0/E1/E2; internal rotation is positive). At E2, 16 legs (44%) were found to be in the kinematic corrected group and 20 legs (56%) in the kinematic overcorrected group. There were no significant differences between the corrected and overcorrected groups of children in respect to age of surgery, gross motor function classification system, E0 MTR, gait velocity, or foot deformity.Conclusions:Although external TDO is an accepted form of treatment in children with CP, in the long term a tendency to move into external tibial torsion is common. Therefore, caution is warranted with children who initially present with ITT to avoid overcorrection.Level of Evidence:Level IV—therapeutic study. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Wolters Kluwer Health

Long-term Outcome of External Tibial Derotation Osteotomies in Children With Cerebral Palsy

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wolters-kluwer-health/long-term-outcome-of-external-tibial-derotation-osteotomies-in-qpQRAFfykG
Publisher
Wolters Kluwer Health
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0271-6798
eISSN
1539-2570
D.O.I.
10.1097/BPO.0000000000000672
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background:Internal tibial torsion (ITT) is a common boney deformity in children with cerebral palsy (CP). The current recommended treatment is tibial derotation osteotomy (TDO) to improve gait biomechanics. Satisfactory short-term results after TDO have been reported but long-term results have not been studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome after external TDO performed to correct ITT in ambulatory children with CP.Methods:Following IRB approval, gait kinematics and passive range of motion measurements were retrospectively evaluated in children with spastic CP who underwent TDO due to ITT comparing preoperative (E0), short-term postoperative (E1; 1 to 3 y post), and long-term postoperative (E2; >5 y post) results. Limbs were categorized as corrected, undercorrected, or overcorrected at both E1 and E2, by comparing the subjects mean tibial rotation (MTR) in gait to a group of typically developing children. Age at surgery, preop MTR (at E0), preop gait velocity (at E0), gross motor function classification system score, and foot deformity were evaluated to determine their influence on long-term results.Results:The study sample consisted of 36 legs (with E0 and E2) and 17 legs (with E0, E1, and E2). The mean age at surgery was 7.4±2.8 (range, 4 to 16.6) years. Comparing the changes over time, kinematic MTR improved from 17±11 degrees initially (E0) to −10±14 degrees short term (E1) and progressed to −23±13 degrees long term (E2) (P<0.05 E0/E1/E2; internal rotation is positive). At E2, 16 legs (44%) were found to be in the kinematic corrected group and 20 legs (56%) in the kinematic overcorrected group. There were no significant differences between the corrected and overcorrected groups of children in respect to age of surgery, gross motor function classification system, E0 MTR, gait velocity, or foot deformity.Conclusions:Although external TDO is an accepted form of treatment in children with CP, in the long term a tendency to move into external tibial torsion is common. Therefore, caution is warranted with children who initially present with ITT to avoid overcorrection.Level of Evidence:Level IV—therapeutic study.

Journal

Journal of Pediatric OrthopaedicsWolters Kluwer Health

Published: Oct 1, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off