INTRODUCTIONPlant–animal interactions are among the most important processes shaping biodiversity (Maron & Crone, ; Rinker & Lowman, ; Valiente‐Banuet et al., ). Even though interactions occur locally, they often depend on contrasting metacommunity processes operating at several spatiotemporal scales and involving different life‐history traits of the organisms (Thies, Steffan‐Dewenter, & Tscharntke, ). While species sorting is often associated with niche differences among habitat patches and inter‐specific competitive ability, both mass effects and neutral processes are frequently determined by the interaction of habitat spatial structure and animal dispersal abilities (Pulliam, ; Shmida & Wilson, ). Moreover, habitat change in the landscape frequently determines patch dynamics processes of species colonizations and extinctions. It is known for long that dispersal is a primary driver for community assembly and governs the reorganization of species interactions under environmental change (Thompson & Gonzalez, ). In this context, landscape structure and dynamics exerts a myriad of effects on community processes from metapopulation to metacommunity dynamics, affecting species interactions and ecosystem functioning (Tscharntke et al., ).Alternative (e.g., neutral, niche or trade‐off) models of community assembly emphasize the importance of diverse mechanisms (e.g., demographic and niche differences among species, dispersal‐limitation and stochastic processes) (Ernest, Brown, Thibault, White, & Goheen, ;
Diversity and Distributions – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ;
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