The neurotoxin 1‐methyl‐4‐phenyl‐1,2,3,6‐tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) induces selective loss of dopaminergic neurons in the mammalian midbrain, eliciting symptoms characteristic of Parkinson's disease. By exploiting the advantages of zebrafish embryos, we report here that dopaminergic neurons in this species are specifically perturbed when exposed to MPTP. In contrast to mammals, the zebrafish does not possess a midbrain dopaminergic system. Instead, the main population of neurons expressing the dopamine transporter is located in the posterior tuberculum of the diencephalon. Exposure of embryos to MPTP led to a pronounced reduction in the number of dopaminergic cells in the diencephalon. This effect can be reversed by deprenyl, a specific inhibitor of monoamine oxidase B that catalyses the conversion of MPTP to its active metabolite, MPP+. Similarly, direct treatment of embryos with MPP+ abolished the diencephalic dopaminergic neurons. These larvae also demonstrated behavioural defects in swimming responses. Thus, dopaminergic neurons in the posterior tuberculum of the zebrafish may be homologous to the midbrain dopaminergic system of mammals. In addition, the mechanism behind the loss of dopaminergic neurons following pharmacological perturbation may be conserved among vertebrates and suggest that the zebrafish can be used as a convenient and economical system to study the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease and for testing potential therapeutic strategies.
European Journal of Neuroscience – Wiley
Published: Mar 1, 2005
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera