Abbreviations6MWT6‐min walk testAExacute exacerbationBALbronchoalveolar lavageCPAPcontinuous positive airway pressureCPETcardiopulmonary exercise testCTcomputed tomographyCTDconnective tissue diseaseCTD‐ILDCTD‐associated ILDCTEPHchronic thromboembolic PHDLCOdiffusing lung capacity of carbon monoxideFVCforced vital capacityGAPgender age physiologyHPhypersensitivity pneumonitisHRQoLhealth‐related quality of lifeICUintensive care unitIIPidiopathic interstitial pneumoniaILDinterstitial lung diseaseIPFidiopathic pulmonary fibrosisLFALung Foundation of AustraliaMDTmultidisciplinary teamMMFmycophenolateMMP7matrix metalloproteinase 7mPAPmean PA pressureMRCMedical Research CouncilNSIPnon‐specific interstitial pneumonitisNIVnon‐invasive ventilationOSAobstructive sleep apnoeaPApulmonary arteryPAHpulmonary arterial hypertensionPEpulmonary embolismPHpulmonary hypertensionPMportable monitoringPSGpolysomnogramRArheumatoid arthritisRCTrandomized controlled trialRHCright heart catheterizationRituxrituximabRVright ventricleSSc‐ILDscleroderma‐associated ILDTPERtime to peak ejection rateTSANZThoracic Society of Australia and New ZealandVaalveolar volumeINTRODUCTIONSleep‐disordered breathing is common in the community and associated with significant cardiovascular and neurocognitive complications, particularly in vulnerable populations with coexisting morbid conditions. Newer management paradigms are being increasingly implemented to cope with high demand and limited specialist sleep services. These pathways have been primarily used in patients with high clinical risk for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), but also need to be extended to other clinical populations including those with co‐morbidities. It is increasingly recognized that while continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is very effective in correcting OSA and improving sleepiness, reductions in cardiovascular complications and mortality have not been demonstrated. Poor acceptance and suboptimal use of CPAP undoubtedly contribute to this. Emerging technologies, including device connectivity and web‐based applications, are allowing patients to
Respirology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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