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WORKPLACE SOCIAL SUPPORT AND WORK–FAMILY CONFLICT: A META‐ANALYSIS CLARIFYING THE INFLUENCE OF GENERAL AND WORK–FAMILY‐SPECIFIC SUPERVISOR AND ORGANIZATIONAL SUPPORT

WORKPLACE SOCIAL SUPPORT AND WORK–FAMILY CONFLICT: A META‐ANALYSIS CLARIFYING THE INFLUENCE OF... This article uses meta‐analysis to develop a model integrating research on relationships between employee perceptions of general and work–family‐specific supervisor and organizational support and work–family conflict. Drawing on 115 samples from 85 studies comprising 72,507 employees, we compared the relative influence of 4 types of workplace social support to work–family conflict: perceived organizational support (POS); supervisor support; perceived organizational work–family support, also known as family‐supportive organizational perceptions (FSOP); and supervisor work–family support. Results show work–family‐specific constructs of supervisor support and organization support are more strongly related to work–family conflict than general supervisor support and organization support, respectively. We then test a mediation model assessing the effects of all measures at once and show positive perceptions of general and work–family‐specific supervisor indirectly relate to work–family conflict via organizational work–family support. These results demonstrate that work–family‐specific support plays a central role in individuals’ work–family conflict experiences. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Personnel Psychology Wiley

WORKPLACE SOCIAL SUPPORT AND WORK–FAMILY CONFLICT: A META‐ANALYSIS CLARIFYING THE INFLUENCE OF GENERAL AND WORK–FAMILY‐SPECIFIC SUPERVISOR AND ORGANIZATIONAL SUPPORT

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References (119)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
0031-5826
eISSN
1744-6570
DOI
10.1111/j.1744-6570.2011.01211.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This article uses meta‐analysis to develop a model integrating research on relationships between employee perceptions of general and work–family‐specific supervisor and organizational support and work–family conflict. Drawing on 115 samples from 85 studies comprising 72,507 employees, we compared the relative influence of 4 types of workplace social support to work–family conflict: perceived organizational support (POS); supervisor support; perceived organizational work–family support, also known as family‐supportive organizational perceptions (FSOP); and supervisor work–family support. Results show work–family‐specific constructs of supervisor support and organization support are more strongly related to work–family conflict than general supervisor support and organization support, respectively. We then test a mediation model assessing the effects of all measures at once and show positive perceptions of general and work–family‐specific supervisor indirectly relate to work–family conflict via organizational work–family support. These results demonstrate that work–family‐specific support plays a central role in individuals’ work–family conflict experiences.

Journal

Personnel PsychologyWiley

Published: Jun 1, 2011

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