DENISE M. ROUSSEAU* Heinz School of Public Policy and Management and Graduate School of Industrial Administration, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 U.S.A. J. Organiz. Behav. 19: 217Â±233 (1998) Introduction Robert Reich describes `the pronoun test', his strategy for evaluating the nature of the employment relationship in the companies he visited as U.S. Secretary of Labor during the Â®rst Clinton Administration: `I'd say, ``Tell me about the company''. If the person said ``we'' or ``us'', I knew people were strongly attached to the organization. If it was ``they'' or ``them'', I knew there was less of a sense of linkage' (Reich, 1997). That `sense of linkage' is the subject of this essay, which focuses upon the identiÂ®cation of workers with their organization and the impact identiÂ®cation has on contemporary employment. IdentiÂ®cation is a psychological state wherein an individual perceives himself or herself to be part of a larger whole (work group, Â®rm, church, etc.). This essay addresses organizational identiÂ®cation, wherein individuals perceive themselves to be part of a larger organization. (Note that the terms organization and Â®rm as used here refer to organizational units from work groups and departments to a large corporation, any of which can be
Journal of Organizational Behavior – Wiley
Published: May 1, 1998
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