AbbreviationsCTGcardiotocographyNICUneonatal intensive care unitNRSnumeric rating scaleNWBGnon‐waterbirth groupWBGwaterbirth groupKey MessageWaterbirth is associated with a lower frequency of perineal tears as well as fewer interventions and a more positive birth experience compared with conventional spontaneous vaginal births.IntroductionWaterbirth is associated with positive effects for the woman such as relaxation, pain relief and buoyancy effects, which facilitate mobility and a sense of control, leading to a positive birth experience . Randomized controlled studies with immersion in water, mostly during the first stage of labor, showed less need for anesthesia and a shorter duration of first stage of labor . A review, including mostly observational retrospective studies containing more than 31 000 waterbirths, noted no increased risk for either maternal infections or postpartum hemorrhage at waterbirth .Reports of the incidence of perineal tears in waterbirth are contradictory, and perineal protection using hands is used to varying degrees in water . A review of 38 studies containing 31 453 waterbirths concluded that waterbirth was associated with a higher incidence of an intact perineum and, if lacerations did occur in water, they were less severe than in conventional births , whereas a recent retrospective cohort study, including 6521 waterbirths and 10 290 conventional births, comparing any perineal laceration with
Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera