USE OF PSYCHOLOGIC TESTS IN DETERMINING PROGNOSIS AND TREATMENT IN GERIATRIC MENTAL ILLNESSES †

USE OF PSYCHOLOGIC TESTS IN DETERMINING PROGNOSIS AND TREATMENT IN GERIATRIC MENTAL ILLNESSES † In 1949 we began a study to ascertain if psychologic tests could be made of greater clinical value, particularly in determining the prognosis and treatment of psychiatric patients. After considering eleven tests, we designated the following three as the standard: The Wechsler‐Bellevue intelligence test, the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) and the Rorschach test. During the four years beginning in 1949, 7,000 psychologic tests were made—in serial and progress form, whenever possible. Ten per cent of the tests were made on patients aged 60 years or older, and it is this group with which this report is primarily concerned. The objectives of the study were: 1) to obtain more insight into the individual patient's problem so that sounder prognosis might be made and treatment determined, 2) to provide an aid, through follow‐up tests, in evaluating the patient's progress, and 3) to have tangible material for reference in supplementing an opinion when discussing the patient's needs with relatives. Our findings were of particular value in the case of geriatric patients with a psychosis. Previous to the use of insulin, any person past 59 in whom mental illness developed usually died soon, or underwent prolonged hospitalization. It is still generally http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of American Geriatrics Society Wiley

USE OF PSYCHOLOGIC TESTS IN DETERMINING PROGNOSIS AND TREATMENT IN GERIATRIC MENTAL ILLNESSES †

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© The American Geriatrics Society
ISSN
0002-8614
eISSN
1532-5415
DOI
10.1111/j.1532-5415.1955.tb00264.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In 1949 we began a study to ascertain if psychologic tests could be made of greater clinical value, particularly in determining the prognosis and treatment of psychiatric patients. After considering eleven tests, we designated the following three as the standard: The Wechsler‐Bellevue intelligence test, the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) and the Rorschach test. During the four years beginning in 1949, 7,000 psychologic tests were made—in serial and progress form, whenever possible. Ten per cent of the tests were made on patients aged 60 years or older, and it is this group with which this report is primarily concerned. The objectives of the study were: 1) to obtain more insight into the individual patient's problem so that sounder prognosis might be made and treatment determined, 2) to provide an aid, through follow‐up tests, in evaluating the patient's progress, and 3) to have tangible material for reference in supplementing an opinion when discussing the patient's needs with relatives. Our findings were of particular value in the case of geriatric patients with a psychosis. Previous to the use of insulin, any person past 59 in whom mental illness developed usually died soon, or underwent prolonged hospitalization. It is still generally

Journal

Journal of American Geriatrics SocietyWiley

Published: Apr 1, 1955

References

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