Update on mutations in glucokinase ( GCK ), which cause maturity‐onset diabetes of the young, permanent neonatal diabetes, and hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia

Update on mutations in glucokinase ( GCK ), which cause maturity‐onset diabetes of the young,... Glucokinase is a key regulatory enzyme in the pancreatic beta‐cell. It plays a crucial role in the regulation of insulin secretion and has been termed the glucose sensor in pancreatic beta‐cells. Given its central role in the regulation of insulin release it is understandable that mutations in the gene encoding glucokinase (GCK) can cause both hyper‐ and hypoglycemia. Heterozygous inactivating mutations in GCK cause maturity‐onset diabetes of the young (MODY) subtype glucokinase (GCK), characterized by mild fasting hyperglycemia, which is present at birth but often only detected later in life during screening for other purposes. Homozygous inactivating GCK mutations result in a more severe phenotype presenting at birth as permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM). A growing number of heterozygous activating GCK mutations that cause hypoglycemia have also been reported. A total of 620 mutations in the GCK gene have been described in a total of 1,441 families. There are no common mutations, and the mutations are distributed throughout the gene. The majority of activating mutations cluster in a discrete region of the protein termed the allosteric activator site. The identification of a GCK mutation in patients with both hyper‐ and hypoglycemia has implications for the clinical course and clinical management of their disorder. Hum Mutat 30: 1–15, 2009. © 2009 Wiley‐Liss, Inc. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Human Mutation Wiley

Update on mutations in glucokinase ( GCK ), which cause maturity‐onset diabetes of the young, permanent neonatal diabetes, and hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/update-on-mutations-in-glucokinase-gck-which-cause-maturity-onset-CifF6lLRNN
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 Wiley‐Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
1059-7794
eISSN
1098-1004
D.O.I.
10.1002/humu.21110
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Glucokinase is a key regulatory enzyme in the pancreatic beta‐cell. It plays a crucial role in the regulation of insulin secretion and has been termed the glucose sensor in pancreatic beta‐cells. Given its central role in the regulation of insulin release it is understandable that mutations in the gene encoding glucokinase (GCK) can cause both hyper‐ and hypoglycemia. Heterozygous inactivating mutations in GCK cause maturity‐onset diabetes of the young (MODY) subtype glucokinase (GCK), characterized by mild fasting hyperglycemia, which is present at birth but often only detected later in life during screening for other purposes. Homozygous inactivating GCK mutations result in a more severe phenotype presenting at birth as permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM). A growing number of heterozygous activating GCK mutations that cause hypoglycemia have also been reported. A total of 620 mutations in the GCK gene have been described in a total of 1,441 families. There are no common mutations, and the mutations are distributed throughout the gene. The majority of activating mutations cluster in a discrete region of the protein termed the allosteric activator site. The identification of a GCK mutation in patients with both hyper‐ and hypoglycemia has implications for the clinical course and clinical management of their disorder. Hum Mutat 30: 1–15, 2009. © 2009 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Journal

Human MutationWiley

Published: Nov 1, 2009

Keywords: MODY; permanent neonatal diabetes; PNDM; hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia; glucokinase; GCK

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off