ISSJ 159/1999 Â© UNESCO 1999. Published by Blackwell Publishers, 108 Cowley Road, Oxford OX4 1JF, UK and 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148, USA. Margaret E. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink try not only to inï¬uence policy outcomes, but to transform the terms and nature of the debate. They are not always successful in their efforts, but they are increasingly important players in policy debates at the regional and international level. Simultaneously principled and strategic actors, transnational advocacy networks âframeâ issues to make them comprehensible to target audiences, to attract attention and encourage action, and to âï¬tâ with favourable institutional venues. By framing, we mean âconscious strategic efforts by groups of people to fashion shared understandings of the world and of themselves that legitimate and motivate collective actionâ (McAdam et al., 1996, p. 6). Network actors bring new ideas, norms and discourses into policy debates, and serve as sources of information and testimony. Norms âdescribe collective expectations for the proper behaviour of actors with a given identityâ (Katzenstein, 1996, p. 5; see also Klotz, 1995; Finnemore, 1996). Shared norms often provide the foundation for more formal institutional processes of regional integration. In so far as networks promote norm convergence
International Social Science Journal – Wiley
Published: Mar 1, 1999
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