Tissue engineering chamber (TEC) is a technique that could incubate up to 16 folds volume increase of a fat flap. But the mechanism in the silicone chamber was still unknown. The function of exudate in the chamber was noticed recently. We developed a special model called fluid drainage model (FDM) that consisted of a traditional TEC on the back and paired fat flaps without a chamber in the groins. Then we used a silicon tube to dynamically transfer the exudate from dorsal TEC to one of the paired inguinal fat flap and the other inguinal fat flap with a sham tube was set as control. At Week 4, the volume of drainage group reached 8.7 ± 2.3 ml, 576 ± 152% to its original volume whereas the growth ratio of control group was only 130 ± 39%. Similar volume change and histological change were observed within fat flap from TEC model and drainage group. The exudate in the TEC is a heterogeneous cocktail contains cytokines as well as cells. Intriguingly, transferred exudate in the TEC model sustain the ability to incubate large amount of adipose tissue remotely.
Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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