The background to training and development in Germany Germany is the largest country in Europe with a population of about 82 million. Of these some 40 million are economically active. Over the past three years unemployment has risen dramatically and at present is 10.3 per cent. This ï¬gure, however, conceals large regional differences with very high levels of unemployment in the Eastern Lander (formerly East Germany), in September 1998 totalling 16.3 per cent. Â¨ Gross Domestic Production in 1997 was 22,585 ECU per person compared with the European average of 18,963 ECU and 19,234 ECU in the UK (EUROSTAT, 1998). Despite the recent rise of the service sector the German economy is still dominated by industrial production. Although it is difï¬cult to obtain precise comparative statistics, in 1995 the production sector contributed 34.5 per cent of Gross Domestic Production compared with 26 per cent in the UK in 1994. In 1995 37 per cent of the total work-force were engaged in production, compared with 23 per cent in the UK in 1996 and 24 per cent in the USA in the same year (Der Fischer Weltalmanach, 1998). Average wage rates are high, leading some commentators to characterise Germany
International Journal of Training and Development – Wiley
Published: Sep 1, 1999
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