Toxicological characterization of ZnO nanoparticles in malignant and non‐malignant cells

Toxicological characterization of ZnO nanoparticles in malignant and non‐malignant cells The increasing usage of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO‐NPs) in industrial applications as well as in consumer products raises concern regarding their potential adverse effects to a greater extend. Numerous studies have demonstrated toxic properties of NPs, however there is still a lack of knowledge concerning the underlying mechanisms. This study was designed to systematically investigate cytotoxicity, apoptosis, cell cycle alterations, and genotoxicity induced by ZnO‐NP. Moreover, it was an aim of the investigations to specify the diverse effects of nanoparticle exposure in malignant in comparison with non‐malignant cells. Therefore, human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma‐derived FaDu cells were incubated with 4–20 µg/ml of ZnO‐NPs for 1–48 hr and tested for cell viability, cell cycle alterations, apoptosis and caspase‐3 gene expression as a sensitive marker of molecular apoptotic processes with regard to time‐ and dose‐dependent effects. Human mesenchymal bone marrow stem cells were used as non‐malignant representatives to examine oxidative stress‐related genotoxicity. Results showed a significant reduction in cell viability as well as dose‐ and time‐dependent increase of apoptotic cells following nanoparticle treatment. Likewise, caspase‐3 gene expression enhanced already before first apoptotic cells were detectable. It could be observed that doses that were cytotoxic in tumor cells did not reduce viability in stem cells. However, the same concentrations already induced significant DNA damage. The findings of the study suggest to keep a more critical eye on the use of nanoparticles as anti‐cancer agents. Yet, additional in vivo studies are needed to assess safety concerns for consumers and patients. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. 59:247–259, 2018. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis Wiley

Toxicological characterization of ZnO nanoparticles in malignant and non‐malignant cells

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/toxicological-characterization-of-zno-nanoparticles-in-malignant-and-TawSlOj5Av
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
0893-6692
eISSN
1098-2280
D.O.I.
10.1002/em.22156
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The increasing usage of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO‐NPs) in industrial applications as well as in consumer products raises concern regarding their potential adverse effects to a greater extend. Numerous studies have demonstrated toxic properties of NPs, however there is still a lack of knowledge concerning the underlying mechanisms. This study was designed to systematically investigate cytotoxicity, apoptosis, cell cycle alterations, and genotoxicity induced by ZnO‐NP. Moreover, it was an aim of the investigations to specify the diverse effects of nanoparticle exposure in malignant in comparison with non‐malignant cells. Therefore, human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma‐derived FaDu cells were incubated with 4–20 µg/ml of ZnO‐NPs for 1–48 hr and tested for cell viability, cell cycle alterations, apoptosis and caspase‐3 gene expression as a sensitive marker of molecular apoptotic processes with regard to time‐ and dose‐dependent effects. Human mesenchymal bone marrow stem cells were used as non‐malignant representatives to examine oxidative stress‐related genotoxicity. Results showed a significant reduction in cell viability as well as dose‐ and time‐dependent increase of apoptotic cells following nanoparticle treatment. Likewise, caspase‐3 gene expression enhanced already before first apoptotic cells were detectable. It could be observed that doses that were cytotoxic in tumor cells did not reduce viability in stem cells. However, the same concentrations already induced significant DNA damage. The findings of the study suggest to keep a more critical eye on the use of nanoparticles as anti‐cancer agents. Yet, additional in vivo studies are needed to assess safety concerns for consumers and patients. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. 59:247–259, 2018. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Journal

Environmental and Molecular MutagenesisWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off