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Toward An Understanding of Achievement‐Related Conflicts in Women

Toward An Understanding of Achievement‐Related Conflicts in Women The motive to avoid success is conceptualized within the framework of an expectancy‐value theory of motivation. It is identified as an internal psychological representative of the dominant societal stereotype which views competence, independence, competition, and intellectual achievement as qualities basically inconsistent with femininity even though positively related to masculinity and mental health. The expectancy that success in achievement‐related situations will be followed by negative consequences arouses fear of success in otherwise achievement‐motivated women which then inhibits their performance and levels of aspiration. The incidence of fear of success is considered as a function of the age, sex, and educational and occupational level of subjects tested between 1964 and 1971. Impairment of the educational and interpersonal functioning of those high in fear of success is noted and consequences for both the individual and society are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Social Issues Wiley

Toward An Understanding of Achievement‐Related Conflicts in Women

Journal of Social Issues , Volume 28 (2) – Apr 1, 1972

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
1972 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
ISSN
0022-4537
eISSN
1540-4560
DOI
10.1111/j.1540-4560.1972.tb00023.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The motive to avoid success is conceptualized within the framework of an expectancy‐value theory of motivation. It is identified as an internal psychological representative of the dominant societal stereotype which views competence, independence, competition, and intellectual achievement as qualities basically inconsistent with femininity even though positively related to masculinity and mental health. The expectancy that success in achievement‐related situations will be followed by negative consequences arouses fear of success in otherwise achievement‐motivated women which then inhibits their performance and levels of aspiration. The incidence of fear of success is considered as a function of the age, sex, and educational and occupational level of subjects tested between 1964 and 1971. Impairment of the educational and interpersonal functioning of those high in fear of success is noted and consequences for both the individual and society are discussed.

Journal

Journal of Social IssuesWiley

Published: Apr 1, 1972

References

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