INTRODUCTIONEndosseous screw‐type implants offer a good opportunity to restore missing or lost teeth. Nowadays, there are a variety of different implant systems and implants made of different materials available on the dental market. Regarding the material, implants from commercially pure titanium present the largest group of the used implants in the last decades. Based on various systematic reviews, titanium implants reveal high implant survival and success rates over a long time period. Jung, Zembic, Pjetursson, Zwahlen, and Thoma () reported in a systematic review a survival rate of 97.2% at 5 years and 95.2% at 10 years for commercially available titanium implants supporting single crowns (Jung et al., ). The reported survival rate of implants supporting fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) was 95.6% after 5 years and 93.1% after 10 years (Jung et al., ).However, there are a number of patients demanding for metal‐free solutions for implants and prosthetics. In addition, a few preclinical studies showed that a certain amount of titanium could be found in the tissues around dental implants (Addison et al., ; Bianco, Ducheyne, & Cuckler, ). Moreover, there is some evidence that metals in the oral cavity undergo corrosion through an electrochemical redox reaction (Cadosch et al., ) and may provoke hypersensitivity reactions (Jacobi‐Gresser,
Clinical Oral Implants Research – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ;
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