INTRODUCTIONIn fall 2017, the National Center for Educational Statistics (, p. 1) reported that approximately 50.7 million K–12 students entered U.S. public elementary and secondary schools. An additional 5.2 million students were expected to matriculate into private schools. While the number of students is growing, “enrollment in teacher education programs is down significantly—falling 35% nationwide in the last five years” (Long, , p. 1). School districts are scrambling to find certified teachers, especially in world languages (WL) (Hanford, ; Koerting, ; Motoko, ). Reverting to former methods, districts are turning to hiring people on emergency credentials; these individuals test ideas by “trial and error, one day at a time” (Gonser, , p. 1). WL is a content area known for a myriad of academic benefits from strengthening cognitive processes (Kormi‐Nouri, Moniri, & Nilsson, ; Stewart, ) to developing students' print awareness (Bialystok, ) and reading ability in the early years (D'Angiulli, Siegel, & Serra, ) to higher academic achievement on standardized tests (Armstrong & Rogers, ; Turnbull, Hart, & Lapkin, ). Having uncertified teachers in the classroom testing hypotheses about teaching and student learning undermines student achievement (Sutcher, Darling‐Hammond, & Carver‐Thomas, ).Unfortunately, in the case of WL teachers, the
Foreign Language Annals – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera