Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

THE VALIDITY OF THE JOB CHARACTERISTICS MODEL: A REVIEW AND META‐ANALYSIS

THE VALIDITY OF THE JOB CHARACTERISTICS MODEL: A REVIEW AND META‐ANALYSIS The validity of Hackman and Oldham's Job Characteristics Model was assessed by conducting a comprehensive review of nearly 200 relevant studies on the model as well as by applying meta‐analytic procedures to a large portion of the data. The evidence indicated that the available correlational results are reasonably valid in light of the issues examined. Results tended to support the multidimensionality of job characteristics, but there was less agreement on the exact number of dimensions. The corrected correlational results of the meta‐analysis indicated that job characteristics related both to psychological and behavioral outcomes. Concerning psychological states, the results tended to support their mediating (e.g., intervening) role between job characteristics and personal outcomes. The pattern of correlations between the job characteristics and psychological states was less supportive of the model. Meta‐analytic results demonstrated that most of the cross‐study variance was due to statistical artifacts. True variance across studies was found for the job characteristics‐performance relationship, however, and subsequent analyses suggested that growth‐need strength moderates this relationship. Implications for potential revisions of the model and for practice are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Personnel Psychology Wiley

THE VALIDITY OF THE JOB CHARACTERISTICS MODEL: A REVIEW AND META‐ANALYSIS

Personnel Psychology , Volume 40 (2) – Jan 1, 1987

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/the-validity-of-the-job-characteristics-model-a-review-and-meta-0tKMM01vuQ

References (157)

Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1987 Wiley Subscription Services
ISSN
0031-5826
eISSN
1744-6570
DOI
10.1111/j.1744-6570.1987.tb00605.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The validity of Hackman and Oldham's Job Characteristics Model was assessed by conducting a comprehensive review of nearly 200 relevant studies on the model as well as by applying meta‐analytic procedures to a large portion of the data. The evidence indicated that the available correlational results are reasonably valid in light of the issues examined. Results tended to support the multidimensionality of job characteristics, but there was less agreement on the exact number of dimensions. The corrected correlational results of the meta‐analysis indicated that job characteristics related both to psychological and behavioral outcomes. Concerning psychological states, the results tended to support their mediating (e.g., intervening) role between job characteristics and personal outcomes. The pattern of correlations between the job characteristics and psychological states was less supportive of the model. Meta‐analytic results demonstrated that most of the cross‐study variance was due to statistical artifacts. True variance across studies was found for the job characteristics‐performance relationship, however, and subsequent analyses suggested that growth‐need strength moderates this relationship. Implications for potential revisions of the model and for practice are discussed.

Journal

Personnel PsychologyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 1987

There are no references for this article.