Summary An individual's iron status may affect the response rate achieved with the use of interferon (IFN) as therapy for chronic viral hepatitis. A total of 27 patients with chronic hepatitis B viral infection, who had elevated serum ferritin levels, were randomized to receive either IFN 5 MU, three times weekly by subcutaneous injection alone (n= 14) or in combination with cycles of deferoxamine at a dose of 80 mg kg‐1 per cycle (n= 13) administered over 3 consecutive days, to reduce their iron and maintain a serum ferritin level less than 250 ng ml‐1. All deferoxamine‐treated patients were on a low iron‐containing diet. An IFN response was defined as a normalization of the serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level and seroconversion from hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) positivity to hepatitis B e antibody (HBeAb) positivity. The deferoxamine‐treated group experienced a reduction in their serum ferritin level to 226 ± 73 ng ml‐1 as a result of the deferoxamine treatment. Six of the 13 (46%) deferoxamine‐treated patients and two of the 14 (14%) control patients normalized their ALT levels. Seven of the 13 (54%) deferoxamine but only 14% of the IFN‐treated group seroconverted to HBeAb positivity. A greater rate of histological improvement and loss of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA was seen in the deferoxamine‐treated group. Two of the deferoxamine‐treated patients were treated only once, two were treated twice, seven were treated three times and two were treated four times to achieve a ferritin level below 250 ng ml‐1.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis – Wiley
Published: May 1, 1996
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera