Summary The RBCS3A gene of tomato belongs to a small gene family consisting of five members. Although the RBCS1, RBCS2 and RBCS3A promoters contain closely related cis regulatory sequences, the expression patterns of the genes are different. Whereas the RBCS1 and RBCS2 genes are expressed in both leaves and young fruit, the RBCS3A promoter is highly active in leaves, but not in young fruit. This lack of transcription could be due to a mutation in the RBCS3A promoter creating the so‐called F‐box, a protein binding site located between the activating cis elements, the I‐box and G‐box. In order to identify proteins that bind to the RBCS3A I‐box/F‐box region, the yeast one‐hybrid system was used. One clone, LeMYBI was isolated which contains strong similarity to plant myb transcription factors. The encoded LeMYBI protein is at least 188 amino acids in length and contains two myb‐like domains located at the amino terminus and close to the carboxy terminus, separated by a negatively charged domain. The protein contains a SHAQKYF amino acid signature motif in the second myb‐like repeat, which is highly conserved in a number of recently identified plant myb‐related genes, thus defining a new class of plant DNA‐binding proteins. LeMYBI binds specifically to the I‐box sequence of the RBCS1, RBCS2 and RBCS3A promoters, therefore representing the first cloned I‐box binding factor. LeMYBI acts as a transcriptional activator in yeast and plants, and binds to the I‐box with a DNA‐binding domain located in the carboxyterminal domain.
The Plant Journal – Wiley
Published: Dec 1, 1999
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