The social psychological approach to the study of organizations

The social psychological approach to the study of organizations The older industrial psychology before the contributions of Gunnar Westerlund and like-minded colleagues in other countries was a branch of applied individual psychology concerned with personnel selection, training and efficient methods of work. With the famous studies of Mayo (1933) and Roethlisberger and Dickson (1939) at Western Electric, and the so-called Hawthorne effect, came the recognition of social psychological factors. But even with this breakthrough industrial psychologists restricted what social psychology they did use to small groups or to the personalities of key actors. Group dynamics and personality dynamics were studied in and applied to organizations without taking into account the nature of the organizational setting. Whether the organization was public or private, voluntary or coerced, totally or partially inclusive of its members, authoritarian or democratic in structure, profit making or service orientated, highly or poorly differentiated in structure; these and similar dimensions were ignored. Sociologists were concerned with these structural properties but they too were single-minded in looking only at global characteristics and not tying them to the ongoing psychological processes to which they were related and which, in some cases, gave meaning to the abstractions about organizations. The advance from this earlier simplistic stage has come http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Psychology Wiley

The social psychological approach to the study of organizations

Applied Psychology, Volume 35 (1) – Jan 1, 1986

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/the-social-psychological-approach-to-the-study-of-organizations-tIVgg3HvLw
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1986 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0269-994X
eISSN
1464-0597
DOI
10.1111/j.1464-0597.1986.tb01271.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The older industrial psychology before the contributions of Gunnar Westerlund and like-minded colleagues in other countries was a branch of applied individual psychology concerned with personnel selection, training and efficient methods of work. With the famous studies of Mayo (1933) and Roethlisberger and Dickson (1939) at Western Electric, and the so-called Hawthorne effect, came the recognition of social psychological factors. But even with this breakthrough industrial psychologists restricted what social psychology they did use to small groups or to the personalities of key actors. Group dynamics and personality dynamics were studied in and applied to organizations without taking into account the nature of the organizational setting. Whether the organization was public or private, voluntary or coerced, totally or partially inclusive of its members, authoritarian or democratic in structure, profit making or service orientated, highly or poorly differentiated in structure; these and similar dimensions were ignored. Sociologists were concerned with these structural properties but they too were single-minded in looking only at global characteristics and not tying them to the ongoing psychological processes to which they were related and which, in some cases, gave meaning to the abstractions about organizations. The advance from this earlier simplistic stage has come

Journal

Applied PsychologyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 1986

References

  • Ego Involvement, Job Satisfaction, and Job Performance
    Vroom, Vroom

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off