The Self‐Reference Effect on Perception: Undiminished in Adults with Autism and No Relation to Autism Traits

The Self‐Reference Effect on Perception: Undiminished in Adults with Autism and No Relation to... IntroductionDefinitions of self‐awareness are numerous, throughout the history of philosophy as well as psychology. One particularly important distinction between subjective and objective levels of self (the ‘I’ and ‘me’, respectively) was drawn by James []. On the one hand, the self is an existential entity that experiences (the “I”). It is the knower, the experiencer, and the agent of activity. On the other hand, the self can be both known and experienced (the “Me”). The self can be the object of thought.Regardless of the precise taxonomy of self that is employed, it is widely agreed that the self plays an important role in human cognition and perception, exerting influence across a range of domains and situations [see Sui & Humphreys, ]. One of the clearest empirical demonstrations of this influence is the so‐called “self‐reference effect” [Rogers, Kuiper, & Kirker, ], whereby information encoded in relation to the self has a mnemonic advantage over information encoded in other ways. This effect is apparent in a number of different paradigms and across different domains of processing. For example, in the domain of memory, when people are asked to make explicit yes/no judgments about whether personality trait adjectives (e.g., “loving”, “grumpy”, “emotional”) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Autism Research Wiley

The Self‐Reference Effect on Perception: Undiminished in Adults with Autism and No Relation to Autism Traits

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/the-self-reference-effect-on-perception-undiminished-in-adults-with-pqLi4TgQpT
Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
1939-3792
eISSN
1939-3806
D.O.I.
10.1002/aur.1891
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

IntroductionDefinitions of self‐awareness are numerous, throughout the history of philosophy as well as psychology. One particularly important distinction between subjective and objective levels of self (the ‘I’ and ‘me’, respectively) was drawn by James []. On the one hand, the self is an existential entity that experiences (the “I”). It is the knower, the experiencer, and the agent of activity. On the other hand, the self can be both known and experienced (the “Me”). The self can be the object of thought.Regardless of the precise taxonomy of self that is employed, it is widely agreed that the self plays an important role in human cognition and perception, exerting influence across a range of domains and situations [see Sui & Humphreys, ]. One of the clearest empirical demonstrations of this influence is the so‐called “self‐reference effect” [Rogers, Kuiper, & Kirker, ], whereby information encoded in relation to the self has a mnemonic advantage over information encoded in other ways. This effect is apparent in a number of different paradigms and across different domains of processing. For example, in the domain of memory, when people are asked to make explicit yes/no judgments about whether personality trait adjectives (e.g., “loving”, “grumpy”, “emotional”)

Journal

Autism ResearchWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off