The seasonal response of an atmospheric general circulation model to changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and sea surface temperatures is discussed. The model has five layers and a quasi‐uniform 330km horizontal grid. Sea surface temperatures, sea ice extents, and zonally mean cloud amounts are prescribed from climatology, so that feedbacks between these variables and the rest of the model are ignored. Soil moisture, snow depth and boundary layer height are modelled explicitly, and both diurnal and seasonal variations of solar zenith angle are included. Two experiments are carried out, and compared with a three‐year control integration. In each case, the model's response varies with season and location. In the first experiment the effect of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations with prescribed present day sea surface temperatures is examined. The model's troposphere becomes warmer, thereby increasing the low level static stability over the ocean and reducing evaporation and precipitation. The warming is larger over land than over the oceans. In summer, this results in an increase in precipitation along the eastern coasts of continents. In the second experiment, the sea surface temperatures are increased by 2 K and the carbon dioxide concentration is doubled. The land surface temperature rises by 3 K. Evaporation increases markedly over the oceans. Precipitation increases in the main regions of atmospheric convergence and decreases in some regions of the subtropics. The magnitude of the model's response is shown to be reasonably consistent with that found in other three‐dimensional climate models.
The Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 1983
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera