The Rotter Locus of Control Scale in 43 Countries: A Test of Cultural Relativity

The Rotter Locus of Control Scale in 43 Countries: A Test of Cultural Relativity A databank of 9140 responses to the Rotter (1966) locus of control scale was analyzed, using multidimensional scaling techniques. Respondents were employees in business organizations in 43 countries. Three interpretable dimensions were identified. The first was interpreted in terms of Schwartz's (1992) dimensions of mastery over the environment versus harmony with the environment. It also correlated significantly with country means for internality. The second distinguished responses from countries identified by Hofstede (1980) as individualist and collectivist. The third referred principally to the role of luck and chance. Parallels with the results of Levenson (1981) and the implications of convergence with the results of cross‐cultural studies not based upon the concept of locus of control are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Psychology Wiley

The Rotter Locus of Control Scale in 43 Countries: A Test of Cultural Relativity

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 1995 International Union of Psychological Science
ISSN
0020-7594
eISSN
1464-066X
D.O.I.
10.1080/00207599508246576
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A databank of 9140 responses to the Rotter (1966) locus of control scale was analyzed, using multidimensional scaling techniques. Respondents were employees in business organizations in 43 countries. Three interpretable dimensions were identified. The first was interpreted in terms of Schwartz's (1992) dimensions of mastery over the environment versus harmony with the environment. It also correlated significantly with country means for internality. The second distinguished responses from countries identified by Hofstede (1980) as individualist and collectivist. The third referred principally to the role of luck and chance. Parallels with the results of Levenson (1981) and the implications of convergence with the results of cross‐cultural studies not based upon the concept of locus of control are discussed.

Journal

International Journal of PsychologyWiley

Published: Jun 1, 1995

References

  • Personality structure: Emergence of the five‐factor model
    Digman, Digman
  • Australian norms and factor analysis of Rotter's internal‐external scale
    O'Brien, O'Brien; Kabanoff, Kabanoff
  • Equivalence of cross‐cultural data: An overview of basic issues
    Poortinga, Poortinga
  • A note on the dimensionality of the Rotter locus of control scale
    Watson, Watson

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