Research Summary: We argue that willingness (attitude toward risk, return, and socioemotional wealth), ability (extent of control), and resource availability influence the internationalization of family firms. We hypothesize that the internationalization of family firms led by founding and later generation family members differs from the internationalization of nonfamily firms and from each other and that knowledge‐based resources moderate the relationship. Longitudinal analysis of 4,925 firm‐year observations of S&P 1500 manufacturing firms from 2002 to 2008 shows that compared to nonfamily firms, family firms run by founding (later generation) family members internationalize less (more). Knowledge resources increase (decrease) the internationalization of founder‐led (later generation) family firms. Overall, how family ownership influences firm behavior is likely to vary as much by its type as its amount.
Global Strategy Journal – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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