IntroductionGeneral population prevalence rates (%) of problem gambling are typically within the 0.5–3.0 range, with three to four times as many people experiencing subclinical levels of pathology and harm . There are strong associations between gambling participation and problem gambling . Males, young adults, low‐income and non‐married people are almost universally at elevated risk . Problem gamblers’ socio‐demographic profile has changed somewhat over time . In jurisdictions where electronic gaming machines (EGMs) have been distributed widely, gender differences have often diminished .Since the late 1980s, Swedish state‐owned gambling organisations increased the range and number of gambling products . EGMs were reintroduced, and casinos and internet gambling became available from domestic and unregulated foreign operators . Gambling expenditure rose markedly then slowed, increasing by 13% in real value between 1998 and 2008, remaining since at 3% of household disposable income .Pathological gambling was conceptualised initially as a chronic or chronically relapsing disorder. Early measures such as the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) reflected this . The SOGS was adapted in 1990 to include current and life‐time measures . Subsequent surveys that used the revised SOGS (SOGS‐R) found that approximately half of people classified as ‘life‐time’ pathological or problem gamblers did
Addiction – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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