Mono‐ and diglycerides were produced by reacting the following oils with glycerol: coconut, peanut, sesame, linseed, and sardine. It was shown that the yield of monoglyceride was not dependent upon the fatty acid composition of the oil but on the solubility of glycerol in oil, which is dependent in part on the temperature. An excess of glycerol above that which is soluble does not change the composition of the reaction product. At 180°C, no more than 45% monoglycerides can be formed by glycerolysis.
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society – Wiley
Published: Oct 1, 1960