The Norm of Reciprocity: Scale Development and Validation in the Chinese Context

The Norm of Reciprocity: Scale Development and Validation in the Chinese Context abstract To add greater theoretical precision to a fundamental construct in social exchange theory – namely, Gouldner's ‘norm of reciprocity’, this study developed a measure of Sahlins' generalized, balanced, and negative reciprocity types and validated its psychometric quality in China. For a comprehensive construct validation of the new scale, we carried out three studies. After generating a pool of items, we used a panel of experts to classify items according to conceptual definitions of the three reciprocity types. Using factor analysis, the first study revealed a factor structure consistent with Sahlins' reciprocity typology. In the second study, confirmatory factor analysis replicated this factor structure as well as demonstrated that the reciprocity factors are distinct from each other and other social‐exchange constructs. In line with extant theories, the third study corroborated a nomological network relating reciprocity types to external constructs. Given this broad array of evidence for its construct validity, future researchers can employ this validated scale to investigate various forms of social exchange in Chinese work settings. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Management and Organization Review Wiley

The Norm of Reciprocity: Scale Development and Validation in the Chinese Context

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
1740-8776
eISSN
1740-8784
DOI
10.1111/j.1740-8784.2006.00047.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

abstract To add greater theoretical precision to a fundamental construct in social exchange theory – namely, Gouldner's ‘norm of reciprocity’, this study developed a measure of Sahlins' generalized, balanced, and negative reciprocity types and validated its psychometric quality in China. For a comprehensive construct validation of the new scale, we carried out three studies. After generating a pool of items, we used a panel of experts to classify items according to conceptual definitions of the three reciprocity types. Using factor analysis, the first study revealed a factor structure consistent with Sahlins' reciprocity typology. In the second study, confirmatory factor analysis replicated this factor structure as well as demonstrated that the reciprocity factors are distinct from each other and other social‐exchange constructs. In line with extant theories, the third study corroborated a nomological network relating reciprocity types to external constructs. Given this broad array of evidence for its construct validity, future researchers can employ this validated scale to investigate various forms of social exchange in Chinese work settings.

Journal

Management and Organization ReviewWiley

Published: Nov 1, 2006

References

  • Social exchange
    Befu, Befu
  • Utilizing printed media to understand desired leadership attributes in the People's Republic of China
    Fu, Fu; Tsui, Tsui
  • Cultural clusters: Methodology and findings
    Gupta, Gupta; Hanges, Hanges; Dorfman, Dorfman
  • The importance of self‐ and shared leadership in knowledge work
    Pearce, Pearce; Manz, Manz
  • New hire perceptions of their own and their employer's obligations: A study of psychological contracts
    Rousseau, Rousseau
  • Social and economic exchanges: Construct development and validation
    Shore, Shore; Tetrick, Tetrick; Lynch, Lynch; Barksdale, Barksdale

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