The neuroexcitotoxic amino acids glutamate and aspartate are altered in the spinal cord and brain in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

The neuroexcitotoxic amino acids glutamate and aspartate are altered in the spinal cord and brain... Because recent studies showed a systemic defect in glutamate metabolism in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we measured the levels of free amino acids in frontal and cerebellar cortex and two areas of spinal cord obtained at autopsy from 22 patients who died of this disease. Glutamate levels were significantly Decemberreased (by 21 to 40% of control values) in all areas investigated; cervical and lumbar spinal cord showed the greatest change. Aspartate levels were also significantly reduced (by 32 to 35%) in the spinal cord only. A positive correlation was shown between the changes of glutamate and aspartate as well as a significant alteration in the glutamate to glutamine ratio in the spinal cord of patients with ALS. Although we cannot exclude the possibility that these abnormalities may partly result from neuronal cell loss, the data suggest the presence of a generalized defect that may affect the neurotransmitter and metabolic pool of glutamate. The defect may be expressed more severely in the spinal cord than in other central nervous system areas. These results, taken together with the previously shown systemic abnormality, raise the possibility that distribution of glutamate between the intracellular and extracellular pool may be altered in ALS and may mediate the neurodegeneration. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annals of Neurology Wiley

The neuroexcitotoxic amino acids glutamate and aspartate are altered in the spinal cord and brain in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/the-neuroexcitotoxic-amino-acids-glutamate-and-aspartate-are-altered-XZpYsLOeiW
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1988 American Neurological Association
ISSN
0364-5134
eISSN
1531-8249
D.O.I.
10.1002/ana.410240314
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Because recent studies showed a systemic defect in glutamate metabolism in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we measured the levels of free amino acids in frontal and cerebellar cortex and two areas of spinal cord obtained at autopsy from 22 patients who died of this disease. Glutamate levels were significantly Decemberreased (by 21 to 40% of control values) in all areas investigated; cervical and lumbar spinal cord showed the greatest change. Aspartate levels were also significantly reduced (by 32 to 35%) in the spinal cord only. A positive correlation was shown between the changes of glutamate and aspartate as well as a significant alteration in the glutamate to glutamine ratio in the spinal cord of patients with ALS. Although we cannot exclude the possibility that these abnormalities may partly result from neuronal cell loss, the data suggest the presence of a generalized defect that may affect the neurotransmitter and metabolic pool of glutamate. The defect may be expressed more severely in the spinal cord than in other central nervous system areas. These results, taken together with the previously shown systemic abnormality, raise the possibility that distribution of glutamate between the intracellular and extracellular pool may be altered in ALS and may mediate the neurodegeneration.

Journal

Annals of NeurologyWiley

Published: Sep 1, 1988

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off